Defect Reporting Interview Questions & Answers

Defect Reporting Interview Questions

Are you preparing for Defect Reporting interview? If yes, then we’ve a solution to win your ideal job. Defect Reporting is the process of finding out the defects during the testing and logging those defects into a tool. Purpose of it is to track the list of problems clearly so that developers can rework to fix them. Looking for a job can be cumbersome and tiring, especially when you are not aware of how to apply and where to search and how to prepare well for the job interviews. framed Defect Reporting job interview questions and answers to make is easier for your interview preparation. If you are expertise in testing concepts, then multiple job opportunities are available for your reference.

Defect Reporting Interview Questions And Answers

Defect Reporting Interview Questions
    1. Question 1. What Is Defect In Software Testing?

      Answer :

      A flaw in a component or system that can cause the component or system to fail to perform its required function, e.g. an incorrect statement or data definition. A defect, if encountered during execution, may cause a failure of the component or system.

    2. Question 2. Differentiate Error, Defect, And Failure?

      Answer :

      Terminology vary from one phase to another in Software Application Life Cycle

      Software Application Life Cycle has 3 phases;

      • Development phase:in Development phase if developers find any mismatch they call it as Error or mistake
      • Testing phase:In Testing phase if Testers find any mismatch they call it as Defect or Bug or Fault
      • Production phase:In Production phase if Customers or End Users find any mismatch they call it as Failure

    3. Question 3. What Is Reproducible Defect?

      Answer :

      If a Defect is appearing every time (in every execution) then that Defect is producible defect, we can provide steps for locating it.

    4. Question 4. What Is Not Reproducible Defect?

      Answer :

      If a Defect is some time times only appearing then that Defect is not producible defect, we have to provide proof (snap shots or database dumps) for locating it.

    5. Question 5. What Are The Different Types Of Status Of Defects?

      Answer :

      Status of Defects

      New: Tester provides new status while Reporting (for the first time)

      Open: Developer / Dev lead /DTT opens the Defect

      Rejected: Developer / Dev lead /DTT rejects if the defect is invalid or defect is duplicate.

      Fixed: Developer provides fixed status after fixing the defect

      Deferred: Developer provides this status due to time etc...

      Closed: Tester provides closed status after performing confirmation Testing

      Re-open: Tester Re-opens the defect with valid reasons and proofs

    6. Question 6. Explain About Defect Life Cycle?

      Answer :

      Defect Life Cycle

      Different Flows of the Defect :

      • New > Opened > Closed
      • New > Opened > Closed
      • New > Opened > Fixed > Re-Opened > Fixed > Closed
      • New > Opened > Deferred
      • New > Opened > Rejected > Re-Opened > Fixed > Closed Etc...

    7. Question 7. What Is Defect Management?

      Answer :

      The process of recognizing, investigating, taking action and disposing of defects. It involves recording defects, classifying them and identifying the impact.Some companies use Manual Process (Excel workbook), and some companies use Tool based process for Defect Management.

      Tools Examples:Bugzilla / Issue-Tracker / PR-Tracker/Jira / Quality Center etc...(anyone)

    8. Question 8. What Is Defect Management Tool?

      Answer :

      A tool that facilitates the recording and status tracking of defects and changes. They often have workflow-oriented facilities to track and control the allocation, correction and re-testing of defects and provide reporting facilities.

    9. Question 9. What Is Defect Deduction Percentage (ddp)?

      Answer :

      The number of defects found by a test phase, divided by the number found by that test phase and any other means afterwards.

    10. Question 10. What Is The Defect Reporting Process?

      Answer :

      Defect Reporting Process:

      Defect  Reporting Process vary from one company to another.

      1. Small scale Company:Tester -> Developer
      2. Medium scale Company:Tester -> Test Lead -> Development Lead -> Developer
      3. Large scale Company:Tester -> Test Lead -> DTT -> Development Lead -> Developer

    11. Question 11. What Is Defect Masking?

      Answer :

      An occurrence in which one defect prevents the detection of another.

    12. Question 12. What Is Defect Density?

      Answer :

      The number of defects identified in a component or system divided by the size of the component or system (expressed in standard measurement terms, e.g. lines-of code, number of classes or function points).

    13. Question 13. What Is Defect Based Test Design Technique?

      Answer :

      A procedure to derive and/or select test cases targeted at one or more defect categories, with tests being developed from what is known about the specific defect category.

    14. Question 14. What Is Defect Report?

      Answer :

      A document reporting on any flaw in a component or system that can cause the component or system to fail to perform its required function.

    15. Question 15. Give A Sample Defect Report Template?

      Answer :

      A Sample Defect Report Template:

      • Defect ID: Unique No or Name
      • Description: Summary of the defect
      • Feature: Module / Function / Service , in these module TE found the defect
      • Test Case Name: Corresponding failing test condition
      • Reproducible (Yes / No): Yes -> Every time defect appears during test execution

                  No -> Rarely defect appears

                  If Yes, attach test procedure:

                  If No, attach snapshot & strong reasons:

      • Status: New / Reopen
      • 7) Severity: Seriousness of defect w.r.t functionality (high / medium / low)
      • Priority: Importance of the defect w.r.t customers (high / medium / low)
      • Reported bug: Name of Test Engineer
      • Reported on: Date of submission
      • Assign to: Name of the responsible person in development team -> PM
      • Build Version ID: In which build, Test Engineer fount the defect
      • Suggested fix (Optional): Tester tries to produce suggestion to solve this defect
      • Fixed by: PM or Team Lead
      • Resolved by: Developer name
      • Resolved on: Date of solving By Developers
      • Resolution type: check out in next page
      • Approved by: Signature of Project Manager (PM)

      Note: Defect Report Template may vary from one company to another and one project to another

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