Windows Server 2012 Windows Firewall - Windows Server 2012

What is windows firewall?

The Windows Firewall with Advanced Security is turned by default as it runs on the Windows Server 2012. These Firewall settings are managed within the Windows Firewall Microsoft Management Console. Following steps are used to set Firewall settings:−
Step 1 − Click on the Server Manager from the task bar → Click the Tools menu and select Windows Firewall with Advanced Security.
advanced_security
Step 2 – You can view the current configuration settings by selecting Windows Firewall Properties from the MMC. This allows access to modify the settings for each of the three firewall profiles, which are – Domain, Private and Public and IPsec settings.
windows_firewall_properties
Step 3 − Applying custom rules, which will include the following two steps −
  • Select either Inbound Rules or Outbound Rules under Windows Firewall with Advanced Security on the left side of the management console. The rules will be appear as green checkbox icon, while disabled rules display a grey checkbox icon.
  • Right-clicking a rule will allow you toggle enable/disable.
custom_rules

How to Create a New Firewall Rule?

To create a new Firewall Rule, you need to follow below steps −
Step 1 − Click “New Rule” from the right side of either the Inbound Rules or Outbound Rules.
new_firewall_rule
Step 2 − Custom from the Rule Type radial button → click Next.
rule_type
Step 3 − Select the Program association for the Custom Firewall Rule as either All programs or the path to a program → click Next.
custom_firewall_rules
Step 4 − Protocol type field select the protocol type → click Next.
select_protocol_type
Step 5 − Select an IP address association for both local and remote addresses → click Next.
ip_address_association
Step 6 − Select an action to take on matching traffic → click Next.
matching_traffic
Step 7 − Select the profiles associated with the custom rule → click Next.
profiles_associated
Step 8 – Now add a name for your Firewall rule and an optional description → Finish.
optional_description
Step 9 – You can find the firewall rule on the corresponding Rule tab, either inbound or outbound depending on the type created. To disable or delete the rule find the rule in the MMC, right-click it and select either Disable Rule or Delete.
disable_rule

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