TYPES OF WEB SERVERS - Web Developer Guide

All Website sits on a computer identified as a Web server. Internet is the place where all the web servers are connected. A unique address is given by the internet to the web browser which contain the series of four numbers between 0 and 255 For example 68.122.35.127, 68.178.157.132.

When you register the web address such as Wisdom.com you have to specify the IP address of the Web server that will host the site. You can load up with Dedicated Servers that can support your web-based operations.

We have four leading web servers jag saw Apache, IIS and lighttpd let us see these servers a bit detail.

There are other Web Servers also available in the market but they are very expensive. Apart from these Web Servers Main ones are Netscape's iPlanet, Bea's Web Logic and IBM's WebSphere.

HTTP Apache server

Apache Software Foundation established the most popular web server in the universe. Since it is open source software can be installed on almost all operating systems including, Windows, Linux FreeBSD, Mac OS X, UNIX, and more. Approximately 60% of the web server machines run the Apache Web Server.

Internet Information Services

Microsoft created a high performance Web Server called Internet Information Server (IIS). This web server runs on a 2003 Windows and NT/2000 platforms. IIS comes bundled with 2003 and Windows NT/2000. Because IIS is strongly united with the operating system so it is moderately easy to administer.

Lighttpd

Another free web server is lighttpd pronounced as lightly. Lighttpd is circulated with the FreeBSD operating system. This open source web server is fast, secure and consumes much less CPU power. Lighttpd can also run on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and Solaris operating systems.

Sun Java System Web Server

Most of the medium and large web servers use Sun microsystems web server. However the server is free it is not open source. It however, runs on Linux, Windows and UNIX platforms. The Sun Java System web server supports various languages, scripts and technologies required for Web 2.0 such as JSP, Java Servlets, PHP, Perl, Python, and Ruby on Rails, ASP and ColdFusion etc.

Jigsaw Server

It is open source and free and can run on various platforms like Linux, UNIX, Windows, and Mac OS X Free BSD etc. Jigsaw (W3C's Server) derives from the World Wide Web Group. Jigsaw has been written in Java and can run CGI scripts and PHP programs.

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