Colors can also be identified by one of 140 color names originally developed for the X Window System. The complete list appears in Table (sorted alphabetically, with numerical values included) and Table (grouped by hue).
To set the background color to a dark olive green using a color name, the complete HTML tag would look like this:<BODY BGCOLOR="darkolivegreen">
There are also one hundred variants of gray numbered 1 through 100. "Gray1" is the darkest; "gray100" is the lightest. The color we generally think of as "gray" is roughly equivalent to "gray75." Both spellings "gray" and "grey" are acceptable.
Color Name Cautions
There are several pitfalls to using color names instead of numerical color values:
Color names are supported only by Navigator Versions 2.0 and higher and Internet Explorer Versions 3.0 and higher. Internet Explorer 2.0 supports the following 16 color names:
These are also the only color names specified by the W3C in the HTML 4.01 Specification.
Of the 140 color names, only 10 represent nondithering colors from the web palette. They are aqua, black, blue, cyan, fuchsia, lime, magenta, red, white, and yellow. When viewed on an 8-bit display, the remaining 130 colors shift to their nearest web palette equivalent (or system palette color). In many cases, the difference is drastic. Many of the pastels shift to solid white.
The "Nearest Web-safe Color" column in Table lists the color that will actually be displayed for each color name on an 8-bit display.
Table: Color names with their numeric values
These color names shift to the nearest Mac system palette color when viewed on a Macintosh using any browser except Netscape Navigator 4.0 (which shifts it to the nearest web palette color).
Table: Web color names by hue
Coloring Page Elements
Table lists the HTML elements for which you can specify a color.
Similarly, color can be applied to elements on a web page using Cascading Style Sheet properties. The CSS1 properties that take color values are listed in Table.
Table: CSS1 properties for specifying color
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Web Designing Tutorial
Designing For A Variety Of Browsers
Designing For A Variety Of Displays
Web Design Principles For Print Designers
A Beginners Guide To The Server
Printing From The Web
Structural Html Tags
Adding Images And Other Page Elements
Specifying Color In Html
Cascading Style Sheets
Server Side Includes
Designing Graphics With The Web Palette
Audio On The Web
Video On The Web
Flash And Shockwave
Introduction To Smil
Introduction To Dhtml
Introduction To Xml
Wap And Wml
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