Interconnect refers to the process of handling calls for other service providers. This process enables the users to communicate with the customers of another service provider.
Incase if two operators A and B are not interconnect partners, then it will not be possible for a customer of Operator A to communicate with a customer of operator B.
Usually, operators administrators keep their concurrences with each other to enable their clients to speak with each other. This gives great business chance to every one of the administrators to connect their respective Networks is called "Interconnection Point".
Examples of interconnection include −
This enables the users in the production of invoices to send to an interconnect partner which is related to incoming interconnect call detail records (CDR).
Interconnect Billing deals with measuring the amounts to be paid to and received from each of the network operators which our infrastructure meets in order for the successful call origination and termination. The CDR for interconnecting calls makes the all routing information with the group of original values to find out the carrier and the country details.
Note that the set of Interconnect CDRs includes the following details −
Interconnect Billing systems decide the pricing of all incoming and outgoing interconnect CDRs. While an interconnect price is decided for both incoming and outgoing interconnect CDRs as per the incoming or outgoing trunk interconnect route which carries the call. But this is common that a trunk ID makes a unique interconnect partner in the interconnect Billing System.
The Settlement Process is determined to settle the Network Operator/Carrier incurred in carrying calls from Interconnect Owner to Other Network Operator destination or vice versa.
This process creates the Outgoing (Expense to Interconnect Owner) and Incoming (Revenue to Interconnect Owner) traffic to make the settlement.
Usually this settlement can be performed on monthly or bi-weekly basis with the help of manual or automated process. It depends on billing system to billing system how it supports partner's settlement.
Netting is used to perform once the settlement is done for agreed Provider/Carrier. The netting process is completed by multiple settlement period for the multiple services as per the currency in Operator level.
There are two types of netting methods −
This process if the reconciliation of invoices arrived from an interconnect partner can be related to outgoing CDRs.
Usually each and every month interconnect partners change their CDRs for reconciliation purpose. This is common to have issues in the CDRs provided by the two partners.
Billing Systems facilitates reports facilitating reconciliation of incoming and outgoing interconnect CDRs. Usually these reports provide parameters like call type, destination, cost band, and duration so that these CDRs can be used by both operators to match those parameters and identify missing CDRs.
There may be a situation, when some CDRs are found missing at either of the operators' side. Once you complete the reconciliation if matter does not settle, then different negotiations happen between the partners, and finally, the issue solved by paying some nominal amount to the impacted interconnect partner.
Depending upon the various interconnect call scenarios and on the type of agreement between different operators. Let us try to cover a few most commonly used −
All the above calls could be voice, SMS, MMS, and data, etc.
To make a successful interconnection, below mentioned issues need to be solved with in the interconnection agreement or by rule or order from the regulatory authority:
Operators will have different types of agreements to exchange their traffic. Here are some commonly used agreements are listed below −
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