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Are you a person with a degree in finances and accounts? Are you a person with experience in stock exchange then log onto to www.wisdomjobs.com. Stock Market, Equity Market or Share Market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers of stocks (called shares) which represent ownership claims on business, stock exchanges list shares of common equity as well as other security types like corporate bonds and convertible bonds. It is an institution where humans and computers buy and sell shares of companies. In order to be apart of the stock selling or trading the foremost condition is the person should have a demat account. So grab an opportunity to work as Field Sales Manager, Executive, Management Analyst and so on by looking into Stock Market job interview question and answers given.
Security market is a market where securities are issued and traded. It is the market for different types of securities namely: Debt, Equity and Derivatives.
Debt market is further divided into three parts:
Equity market is divided into two parts:
Derivatives market is also divided into two parts:
The word derivative refers to a variable which has been derived from another variable. Thus derivatives have no value of their own as they derive their value from the value of some other assets which is known as underlying asset. They are specialized contracts which signify an agreement to buy or sell the underlying asset of the derivate up to a certain time in the future at a predetermined price. The value of the contract depends on the expiry period and also on the price of the underlying asset. For example – Derivative contract on crude oil depends on the price of crude oil.
Beta of an asset is a way of measuring systematic risk of an asset. It shows how price of a security responds to changes in market price. It indicates the extent of movement of the returns of the stock with respect to the movement of market returns. Assets that are riskier than average will have Betas that exceed 1 and assets that are safer than average will have Betas lower than 1. The riskless asset will have a value of Beta=0. The Beta of the market portfolio or the average of Betas across al assets in the market is 1.
Stock market indices are used to measure the general movement of the stock market. It is used as a proxy for overall market movement. The major stock market indices are:
Equity market consists of primary market and secondary market.
Primary equity market – is also called new issues market as securities are issued to public for the very first time. In this market the new issues are made in following four ways:
Secondary equity market – also known as Stock exchanges which are an important part of capital market. It is an organized market place where securities are traded. These securities are issued by government, semi-government bodies, public sector undertakings, joint stock companies etc.
Money market is the market where short term instruments of credit with a maturity period of one year or less than that are traded. Such instruments are known as near money. The borrowers of money market are traders, government, speculators and lenders in this market are commercial banks, central bank, financial institutions and insurance companies etc.
There are three factors which should be considered in selecting fixed income securities:
There are three approaches to selection of equity shares: fundamental analysis, technical analysis and random selection
Following are the macroeconomic indicators that influence stock market:
Efficient market is one where the market price of the security is an unbiased estimate of its intrinsic value. The efficient market hypothesis is based on following assumptions:
Portfolio management is the management of various financial assets that make a portfolio. There are following seven phases in portfolio management:
Security analysis includes two types of analysis namely, fundamental analysis and technical analysis.
Fundamental analysis takes into account three types of analysis:
Technical analysis helps in forecasting the future price of share on basis of historical movements of price.
Generally there are two types of risk: Systematic risk and Unsystematic risk.
Systematic risks are:
Unsystematic risks are:
Dow’s Theory is the oldest and the most known theories of technical analysis. It was proposed by Charles H. Dow. Dow’s theory has put forward six basic principles:
Company analysis is a part of Fundamental analysis. Following factors are significant to company analysis:
CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model) is a risk and return model. It predicts the relationship between risk of an asset and its expected result. This model assumes that:
The essential elements of CAPM are:
Mutual Fund is an association which pools the savings of the investors who share common financial goals. The money collected by number of investors is invested in different types of financial instruments for the mutual benefit of its members. The income earned on these investments is then shared by the unit holders in proportion to the number of units held by them. A mutual fund has sponsor, trustees, asset Management Company and custodian. Mutual funds schemes are classified on the following basis:
Rights and Obligations of the Buyer for Call Option:
Rights and Obligations of the Seller for Call Option:
Rights and Obligations of the Buyer for Put option:
Rights and Obligations of the Seller for Put option:
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