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Are you preparing SiteCore interview? SiteCore is a company offering two products, CMS and DMS. CMS is used by many organizations in world. Using sitecore, one can create, deliver the customer experience. SiteCore is used in mobile, tablet, phone, email and etc. All the data is stored in single place. Candidates are supposed to have basic knowledge on the functionality of it. Many companies are in need of such people. There is less number of people who are skilled in SiteCore. There is huge demand for this technology in the market. Opportunities are everywhere for this technology. Good knowledge on how the process is done will fetch you the job. Wisdomjobs framed SiteCore interview questions and answers to make it easier for your interview preparation.
Episerver has a whole lot of superb comments. Sitecore has the enterprise degree and the price is likewise at the employer degree. Sitecore is developer friendly, extensible and has a large community is case we look for aid, it has a content shape as a tree of nodes, it’s miles acknowledged to steer the content control marketplace and is rather rated by many agencies. Umbraco has many similarities with Sitecore being constructed on ASP.net however is a bit inexpensive. It additionally has a tremendous network. virtually we are able to pick this kind of depending on flavor, cash and the fashion that we’ve got when running.
XSLT has advantages over other languages in the manner that it offers you the possibility to personalize or reuse a huge sort of pages or various structures for source files or other shape. For doing this a rule-primarily based processing version may be used, a element no longer liked by using most of the people due to the plain difficulty this is has on first use. despite the fact that this appears tough at first, it may be viewed like a long time investment. XLST has no overall performance troubles, if a internet site appears to have performance issues, it should be from different motive.
This photograph seems due to the fact you aren’t logged in to the content Editor, however to the developer tool to the computer. The button from the lowest left corner of the display have to be driven(it has the “Sitecore” label on it), then we should hot the “log out” button for returning to the login part. From here the login process might be everyday: we need to hit “content material Editor”, insert the person and password then “Login”.
No there’s no designed place for new pictures inside the media library, so we might also select our very own folder for this, but we have to be conscious to apply a not unusual region due to the fact the folder numbers is quite large. additionally we need to understand the cause of the folder earlier than doing something.
Whilst you login to Sitecore the primary display you see is Sitecore enjoy Platform. it is a launchpad display screen which includes the whole thing you require.
Some of the objects you discover in experience Platform are listed underneath:
As the name indicates Core Database is the backbone of the Sitecore application and it is used for multiple purposes.
Core database contains all Sitecore settings. It contains the definition of Desktop Mode, Content Editor, Page Editor etc. The core database contains data needed by the Content Manager.
All the menu items in the Ribbon is stored in the Core Database. In case if you need to create a new menu item in the ribbon you need to add the context and definition in the Core Database. It Contains the membership related tables which drive Sitecore Authentication, Authorization, and Security.
Master Database in Sitecore is also called as content material Authoring Database. whenever you create a brand new piece of content material it will likely be stored within the grasp Database.
The Web Database contains the live content of the website and it is also called as a published Database:
Content Management(CM) – CM stands for Content Management server and CM servers are meant for content editing by content authors. Hence we call CM as Content Management.
Content Delivery(CD) – CD stands for Content Delivery server and basically, it’s the live website serving the pages and the contents to the visitors/users. Hence we call CD as Content Delivery.
Publishing Interface(PI) – PI stands for Publishing Instance server, PI server is responsible for your publishing operations. We can publish content from CM to CD or from Master to Web Databases through publishing interface.
Publishing is a technique so that you can help you to replicate up to date objects from master database to net database.
content material Authors will add/edit the content in page editor or thru sitecore content editor inside the CM server which is known as as content material control server. We store all of the contents in the grasp Database.
so one can pass those edited contents to live we use post interface and post the contents to live.
Content authors can add a new version of content for every item in the Sitecore through Content editor or experience editor. We can add as many versions as we need in Sitecore.
The content author can rollback to any previous versions easily by selecting it and making it as an active version by publishing it to live.
Whilst a person creates an item primarily based on a facts template, if the same old fee for any subject in that facts template can contain the tokens which Sitecore replaces token with the corresponding fee of that item.
for example: if we’ve specific $name token at “identify” discipline in popular price, then Sitecore will update “identify” area with item call which you supplied while growing the object.
Self provider records visualization utility that empowers you to look and discover vast amounts of facts to find out insights of the employer. It uses analytics and Discovery of facts. With Qlik experience, a company can create elastic, interactive visualizations and make significant decisions.
By intelligently summarizing the enormous amount of complex records by using the use of graph sort of search feel where each Qlik right away updates information. It has rich visible records insights that help in guidelines-based security and governance.
Sitecore is a software platform that is good for making and updating full featured and dynamic websites of every possible type(Implemented in various industry domains and vertical). It has the advantages of scaling, flexibility and can very well integrate in third party systems, marketing platforms, overall giving the visitors a very dynamic user experience.
In Sitecore, text lines don’t have to be transformed into links, but there is another way to make an anchor. We must put the cursor above the thing that is out anchor’s destination, with no text highlighting. After that we should click the hyperlink button to make the anchor and then go on with the rest. This is the right procedure to avoid text transforming into an undesired link.
An item is a record in database. Items are basic building block of a Sitecore Site. An item mayrepresent any kind of information, e.g. a piece of content, a media file, a layout etc. Itemsalways have a name and ID that uniquely identifies the item within the database. Items have atemplate that defines which fields the item contains. An item represent a single version of pieceof content is a single language.
An item can be retrieved from a database using Items.
There are in total 3 databases:
A content management system (CMS) is a PC application that supports the creation and modification of digital content using a simple interface to extract away low-level points of interest unless required, typically supporting numerous clients working in a collaborative environment.
There is no physical page in Sitecore or ASPX Web Form page at the end of the day. In Sitecore all are things from business client planned final product or specific URL in Sitecore may called as Page. To alter this page utilizing WYSIWYG editor sitecore gives interface called Page Editor.
This picture shows up that you are not signed into the Content Editor, but rather to the developer tool to the Desktop. The button from the bottom left corner of the display must be pushed(it has the “Sitecore” name on it), then we should hot the “Log off” button for coming back to the login part. From here the login methodology will be normal: we should hit “Content Editor”, insert the user and password then “Login”.
Standard values were first acquainted in Sitecore 5.3 to overcome some of the issues experienced with the predecessors of standard values – “Masters”. In Sitecore 6 masters was totally evacuated and the idea of standard values assumed control.
Standard values is a method of having default or fallback values for fields in Sitecore, implying that when items are created, you can specify a field value that should be used by default. This does represent custom fields you work, as well as standard fields in Sitecore such as presentations and insert options. This means that you can specify a value on the standard values, and when you create a new item which inherits from this template, it will by default use the values specified on the standard values.
$name: The name for the new item entered by the user
$id: The ID of the new item
$parentid: The ID of the parent of the new item
$parentname: The name of the parent of the new item
$date: The system date in yyyyMMdd format
$time: The system time in HHmmss format
$now: The system date and time in yyyyMMddTHHmmss format.
Every time the content is changed, Sitecore adds it to the publishing queue. When we select the incremental publish Sitecore will publish only these items which are added to publishing queue.
The contents added/edited programmatically as well as in content editor is will be added to publishing queue.
Incremental publish are fastest compared to Republish and Smart publish as only the edited contents gets published.
Word, PDF, Excel, Power Point documents will have their place where the images are which is in the media library, so they don’t have a particular folder provided by Sitecore, they must be placed wherever we place the pictures. Though standard practice suggest that we should create appropriate directory structure within media library before storing any media there.
Sitecore CMS uses the .NET technology, so if our company is a Microsoft shop, Sitecore will fit great. Sitecore is better than many other platforms based on .NET like Sharepoint or Opentext.
Before we choose Sitecore or any CMS we have to consider our processes and workflows. We must to see where will we put our content and how will we publish it, what strategy and what architecture do we have, what needs to be changed etc. After we get answers to these questions (which was not really easy) we can employ a consultant if we have the required money to help us further.
After pre-implementation we have to implement our Sitecore CMS platform. The first phase is gather our staff and make some training to become certified. Being more than a simple paper, the certification helps our team to be more in the know of the Sitecore terminology. If this phase is skipped we will have to do it anyway later ata higher cost so it’s better to save money now.
When ever user sends any request to Sitecore through a URL, Sitecore resolves that item by generatingvisual representation of that item. Layout provide the basic structure of this visual representation.Layout is container which contains different component of the page.Technically speaking, your .ASPX page is layout and .ASCX, .CS or .XSLT file is component (user control).
Firstly, add the site name in either web.config file or SiteDefintion.config file.It is always recommended to add the site name in SiteDefintion.config file.
Then add the site name in IIS binding.
After that add the site name in hosts file.
Media Library is a digital folder in Sitecore where all the media items are stored.You can manage all your media items from the Media Library, such as images that you want to embed in a webpage or make available for download by visitors. The Media Library contains all you media items, such as images, documents, videos, and audio files.
In the Media Library you can:
XSLT has advantages over other programming languages in the way that it gives you the possibility to customize or reuse a large variety of pages or various structures for source documents or other structure. For doing this a rule-based processing model will be used, a thing not liked by most people because of the apparent difficulty that is has on first use. Even if this seems hard at first, it can be viewed like a long term investment. XLST has less performance issues until we use wrong querying like using descendants XPath query, if a website appears to have performance problems, it must be from other reason.
Episerver has a lot of positive feedback. Sitecore has the enterprise level and the price is also at the enterprise level. Sitecore is developer friendly, extensible and has a big community is case we look for support, it has a content structure as a tree of nodes, it is known to lead the content management market and is highly rated by many companies. Umbraco has many similarities with Sitecore being constructed on ASP.NET but is a little cheaper. It also has a great community. Actually we will choose one of these depending on taste, money and the style that we have when working.
You can disable the analytics in Sitecore by changing few things in Configurations.
Step 1: Disable analytics:
Go to /App_Config/Include/Sitecore.Analytics.config and set Analytics.Enabled to false:
<setting name=”Analytics.Enabled” value=”false” />
Step 2: Comment out analytics related connection strings:
Go to /App_Config/ConnectionStrings.config and comment out, or remove, the following connection strings:
<add name=”analytics” connectionString=”mongodb://localhost/analytics” />
<add name=”tracking.live” connectionString=”mongodb://localhost/tracking_live” />
<add name=”tracking.history” connectionString=”mongodb://localhost/tracking_history” />
<add name=”tracking.contact” connectionString=”mongodb://localhost/tracking_contact” />
<add name=”reporting” connectionString=”user id=user;password=password;Data Source=(server);Database=Sitecore_Analytics” />
No there is no designed place for new pictures in the media library, so we may choose our own folder for this, but we must be aware to use a common place because the folder numbers is quite big. Also we must know the purpose of the folder before doing anything.
There are basically three types of rendering used by Sitecore developers.
Sublayout Rendering (mostly used)
a) This is developer’s favorite and most used rendering method. Sublayout is nothing but.ASCX user control.
Web Control Rendering (average used)
a) ASP.NET web controls are created to use this rendering. Create .CS file for thisrendering.
XSL Rendering (rarely used)
a) Very few programmers are using this rendering as writing XSLT program is bit difficult and it has limited features. Create .XSLT file to use XSL rendering.
Sitecore uses data templates to define structures of item. Templates contain fields to represent individual elements. Each data template field has a type, such as Text, Image, Checkbox andvarious other field types.
As name implies, it will publish every item no matter whether it is changed or not. It is intended to be used when you are publishing a new site first time. This is most time consuming publishing method as it blindly publish all iems.
This method works smartly by comparing each item in the master database with the item in web database. Sitecore maintains revision number for each item which gets changed whenever the item gets updated. By comparing this revision number with web database, it will create a list of updated items changes and will publish only those items changes. Even though this method is comparing each item, it is much faster than republish method.
Every time an item is changed, it is added to the publishing queue. This applies both to changes made through the Sitecore user interface and changes made programmatically. Doing an incremental publish will only publish the items in the publishing queue.
Therefore only items that has been changed will be published and Sitecore does not have to do any comparisons to figure out which items has been changed. This way of publishing is therefore by far the fastest. Republish and smart publish do not use the publishing queue.
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