As you would expect, the GNOME desktop project has its own terminal emulation program. TheGNOME Terminal software package has many of the same features as Konsole and xterm. This section walks through the various parts of configuring and using GNOME Terminal.
The command line parameters
The GNOME Terminal application also provides a wealth of command line parameters that allow you to control its behavior when starting it. Table below lists the parameters available.
The GNOME Terminal command line parameters allow you to set lots of features automatically as GNOME Terminal starts. However, you can also set most of these features from within the GNOME Terminal window after it starts.
The GNOME Terminal calls each session a tab, as it uses tabs to keep track of multiple sessions running within the window. Figure below shows a GNOME Terminal window with three session tabs active.
The GNOME Terminal with three active sessions
You can right-click in the tab window to see the tab menu. This quick menu provides a few actions for your use in the tab session:
The quick menu provides easy access to commonly used actions that are available from the standard menu bar in the terminal window.
The menu bar
The main operation of GNOME Terminal happens in the menu bar. The menu bar contains all of the configuration and customization options you’ll need to make your GNOME Terminal just the way you want it. The following sections describe the different items in the menu bar.
The File menu item contains items to create and manage the terminal tabs:
Most of the items in the File menu are also available by right-clicking in the session tab area. The New Profile entry allows you to customize your session tab settings and save them for future use.
The New Profile first requests that you provide a name for the new profile, then produces theEditing Profile dialog box, shown in Figure given below.
Figure: The GNOME Terminal Editing Profile dialog box
This is the area where you can set the terminal emulation features for the session. It consists of six areas:
The Edit menu item contains items for handling text within the tabs. You can use your mouse to copy and paste texts anywhere within the tab window. This allows you to easily copy text from the command line output to a clipboard and import it into an editor. You can also paste text from another GNOME application into the tab session.
The profile-editing feature is an extremely powerful tool for customizing several profiles, and then changing profiles as you change sessions.
The View menu item contains items for controlling how the session tab windows appear. They include:
If you hide the menubar, you can easily get it back by right-clicking in any session tab and toggling the Show Menubar item.
The Terminal menu item contains items for controlling the terminal emulation features of the tab session. They include:
The character encoding offers a large list of available character sets to choose from. This is especially handy if you must work in a language other than English.
The Tabs menu item provides items for controlling the location of the tabs and selecting which tab is active.
This section allows you to manage your tabs, which can come in handy if you have several tabs open at once.
The Help menu item provides a full GNOME Terminal manual so that you can research individual items and features used in the GNOME Terminal.
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Shell Scripting Tutorial
Starting With Linux Shells
Getting To The Shell
Basic Bash Shell Commands
More Bash Shell Commands
Using Linux Environment Variables
Basic Script Building
Understanding Linux File Permissions
Working With Editors
Using Structured Commands
More Structured Commands
Handling User Input
Adding Color To Scripts
Introducing Sed And Gawk
The Ash Shell
The Tcsh Shell
The Korn Shell
The Zsh Shell
Using The Web
Using A Database
Shell Script For Administrators
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