Storage Bin - SAP WM

Definition
A storage type generally contains several storage spaces or slots. These are called storage bins in Warehouse Management (WM). The storage bin is the smallest available unit of space in a warehouse. The storage bin therefore describes the position in the warehouse where the goods are or can be stored. Since the address of a storage bin is frequently derived from a coordinate system, a storage bin is often referred to as a coordinate. The coordinate 01-02- 03 for example, can refer to a storage bin in row 1, stack 2, and level 3.

Use
You assign each storage bin to a specific warehouse number and storage type according to its location. You must also assign each storage bin to a storage section. You can also define the following additional characteristics of a storage bin:

  • Maximum weight
  • Total capacity
  • Fire containment section
  • Storage bin type (for example, for small or large pallets)

With certain stock placement strategies, the storage bin type plays a significant role in optimizing the automatic search for a storage bin in connection with the pallet type. For example, you can define the WM putaway strategy to place large industrial pallets into a specific large bin type and smaller pallets into small bins.

Structure
Generally speaking, you can use any combination of letters and numbers for a storage bin coordinate with the exception of certain alphanumeric characters that are used for stock placement strategy P (according to pallet or storage unit type).

Creating Storage Bins

Use
You can create one storage bin manually or you can group a range of storage bins with similar characteristics and define them simultaneously.

Procedure

Creating a single storage bin

  1. From the SAP Menu, choose Logistics Logistics Execution Master Data Warehouse Storage Bin Create Manually.
  2. Enter data as required. As a minimum, you must enter the storage section for the storage bin.
  3. Save your entries.

Creating several storage bins simultaneously
To create a group of storage bins with similar characteristics, you define a template with the coordinate structure as follows:

  1. To display a list of all previously defined templates, from the SAP menu choose LogisticsLogistics Execution Master Data Warehouse Storage Bin Create Automatically.
  2. To create a new template, choose New entries.
  3. Enter the warehouse number, storage type and current number in the first section of the screen. For the current number, enter any number that has not been used previously.
  4. In the “Bin definition” section of the screen, enter values to define the template and coordinates of the storage bins that you want to create.
  5. You define the characteristics for all storage bins in the “Additional data” section of the screen. As a minimum, you must enter a storage section, storage bin type and maximum weight. Save the characteristics data.
  6. To generate the coordinates, choose Environment Create bins. The system displays a screen with the storage bin characteristics and the coordinates of all the bins that will be generated based on your entries.
  7. If the data is incorrect, return to the data entry screen, make the necessary corrections, and save the data again. If the data is correct, choose Create online to create the storage bins or Create by batch input to create the bins later in batch mode.

If you chose to create the storage bins in batch mode, the system returns to the data entry screen with a message stating that a batch session was created. Make a note of the batch session name for subsequent processing.

Example: Creating Several Storage Bins
To create the following series of storage bins (coordinates)

you complete the Bin Definition section of the automatic bin creation screen in the following manner:

Storage Bin Coordinate Structure Definition

Storage Bin Coordinate Structure Definition

Template
The template field is used to specify the numeric and non-numeric characters from which bin coordinates are built.

  • N represents a variable numeric value.
  • C represents a constant.
  • A represents ascending alphabetic values. Two alphabetic variables (2 A’s) cannot be entered next to each other.

Structure
The structure field is used to group together the numeric characters (N-values of the template) into individual variable sections. These sections are counted by the system. You must enter the numeric characters in exactly the same positions as the alphabetic characters in the template.

Start value
This data field specifies the storage bin to be created first in a range of storage bins.

End value
This data field specifies the storage bin to be created last in a range of storage bins.

Increment
In this data field, you define the increment for the individual variables (N or A) in the template.

Editing Storage Bins
Use
Using the Warehouse Management (WM) application component, you can delete or change one or more characteristics of several storage bins at once. There are various different reasons why you might need to edit storage locations. You might need to:

  • Assign another storage section to a group of storage bins
  • Reassign bins to another fire-containment section
  • Define bins for hazardous material usage
  • Reshelf or reslot a storage type
  • Correct a mistake you made when creating bins
  • Reset the cross-line placement sorting order for a group of bins
  • Redefine the picking sequence for a group of bins

Prerequisites
There are no restrictions for changing storage bin data. You can only delete storage bins that are empty and not blocked.

Procedure
To edit storage bins, from the SAP menu choose Logistics Logistics Execution Master Data Warehouse Storage Bin

Editing-Storage-BinsEditing-Storage-Bins

Blocking and Unblocking Storage Bins
Use
You can block storage bins for putaway as well as for picking. You must block any storage bins that are no longer accessible, that have been damaged or are to be renovated, or when putaways or picks are not possible. You can block or unblock storage bins

  • Selectively
  • On the basis of rows
  • In bulk storage with a time limit for putaways
  • For the whole storage type

Procedure
To block or unblock storage bins, from the SAP menu choose Logistics Logistics Execution Internal Whse Processes Bins and Stock Block.

Blocking and Unblocking Storage Bins

Displaying the Bin Status Report
Use
The bin status report gives you an overview of the storage situation. The storage bin list contains information about capacity utilization in the warehouse, the materials that are stored there, how long the articles have been in storage and the quants that are in storage.

Procedure

  1. From the SAP Menu, choose Logistics Logistics Execution Information System Warehouse Storage Bin Bin Status Report.
  2. Enter the selection criteria and choose Program Execute.. The system displays whether the storage bins in the storage type that you chose are occupied or empty. If a storage bin is occupied, the system displays the material and the number of days the material has been in the storage bin.
  3. To display a storage bin record, select a storage bin from the list. The Display Storage Bin screen appears.
  4. To display quant information, select a material from the list. The Display Quant screen appears.

Displaying Warehouse Capacity
Use
This function allows you to display detailed summary information for storage types, storage bin sections, and bin types on the same screen. You can also choose two- or three-dimensional graphics display for each evaluation.

In addition to providing information about the number and percentage of storage bins that are occupied in the warehouse, you can graphically display the actual percentage use of the occupied storage bins for each storage type and bin type. This enables you to closely analyze the distinction between the data provided for "occupied" and "empty" bins in your warehouse.

Procedure

  1. From the SAP menu, choose Logistics Logistics Execution Internal Whse Processes Bins and Stock Display Capacity Load Utilization..You can choose several storage types and storage bins for a warehouse number. You can also elect to display only unblocked bins or to print the storage type overview.
  2. Enter the selection criteria and choose Program Execute. The system displays the storage capacity information for the storage types selected. If you want to set the indicator Print Storage Type Overview, the system will issue an overview of the selected storage types at the beginning of the list.
  3. From the storage capacity list, you have several additional options.
  4. Displaying Warehouse Capacity


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