A storage type generally contains several storage spaces or slots. These are called storage bins in Warehouse Management (WM). The storage bin is the smallest available unit of space in a warehouse. The storage bin therefore describes the position in the warehouse where the goods are or can be stored. Since the address of a storage bin is frequently derived from a coordinate system, a storage bin is often referred to as a coordinate. The coordinate 01-02- 03 for example, can refer to a storage bin in row 1, stack 2, and level 3.
You assign each storage bin to a specific warehouse number and storage type according to its location. You must also assign each storage bin to a storage section. You can also define the following additional characteristics of a storage bin:
With certain stock placement strategies, the storage bin type plays a significant role in optimizing the automatic search for a storage bin in connection with the pallet type. For example, you can define the WM putaway strategy to place large industrial pallets into a specific large bin type and smaller pallets into small bins.
Generally speaking, you can use any combination of letters and numbers for a storage bin coordinate with the exception of certain alphanumeric characters that are used for stock placement strategy P (according to pallet or storage unit type).
Creating Storage Bins
You can create one storage bin manually or you can group a range of storage bins with similar characteristics and define them simultaneously.
Creating a single storage bin
Creating several storage bins simultaneously
To create a group of storage bins with similar characteristics, you define a template with the coordinate structure as follows:
If you chose to create the storage bins in batch mode, the system returns to the data entry screen with a message stating that a batch session was created. Make a note of the batch session name for subsequent processing.
Example: Creating Several Storage Bins
To create the following series of storage bins (coordinates)
you complete the Bin Definition section of the automatic bin creation screen in the following manner:
Storage Bin Coordinate Structure Definition
The template field is used to specify the numeric and non-numeric characters from which bin coordinates are built.
The structure field is used to group together the numeric characters (N-values of the template) into individual variable sections. These sections are counted by the system. You must enter the numeric characters in exactly the same positions as the alphabetic characters in the template.
This data field specifies the storage bin to be created first in a range of storage bins.
This data field specifies the storage bin to be created last in a range of storage bins.
In this data field, you define the increment for the individual variables (N or A) in the template.
Editing Storage Bins
Using the Warehouse Management (WM) application component, you can delete or change one or more characteristics of several storage bins at once. There are various different reasons why you might need to edit storage locations. You might need to:
There are no restrictions for changing storage bin data. You can only delete storage bins that are empty and not blocked.
To edit storage bins, from the SAP menu choose Logistics →Logistics Execution →Master Data → Warehouse → Storage Bin
Blocking and Unblocking Storage Bins
You can block storage bins for putaway as well as for picking. You must block any storage bins that are no longer accessible, that have been damaged or are to be renovated, or when putaways or picks are not possible. You can block or unblock storage bins
To block or unblock storage bins, from the SAP menu choose Logistics →Logistics Execution → Internal Whse Processes →Bins and Stock →Block.
Displaying the Bin Status Report
The bin status report gives you an overview of the storage situation. The storage bin list contains information about capacity utilization in the warehouse, the materials that are stored there, how long the articles have been in storage and the quants that are in storage.
Displaying Warehouse Capacity
This function allows you to display detailed summary information for storage types, storage bin sections, and bin types on the same screen. You can also choose two- or three-dimensional graphics display for each evaluation.
In addition to providing information about the number and percentage of storage bins that are occupied in the warehouse, you can graphically display the actual percentage use of the occupied storage bins for each storage type and bin type. This enables you to closely analyze the distinction between the data provided for "occupied" and "empty" bins in your warehouse.
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Sap Wm Tutorial
Warehouse Management Guide
Warehouse Structure In The Warehouse Management System
Planning And Monitoring
Basic Stock Management
Hazardous Materials Management
Wm Interface To Quality Management
Stock Transfers And Replenishment
Posting Changes In Wm
Putaway And Picking Strategies
Storage Unit Management
Interfaces To External Systems
Mobile Data Entry
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