The Warehouse Management (WM) application interface to the Quality Management (QM) component allows warehouse administrators to manage and track inspection lots that are stored in the warehouse.
The primary processes in the interface between WM and QM function as follows:
Making Stock Placements Using the QM Interface
Once materials have been inspected, a usage decision must be made in the QM component. How transfer requirements are handled varies depending on the situation. For stock placements based on transfer requirements that contain an inspection lot, two different situations exist:
For each of these situations, how you process the transfer requirement is described below.
The entries required in the dialog box can be preset in Customizing. Using an additional switch, you can control whether the dialog box is to be processed in the background or in the foreground with the values from Customizing.
If all the required entries exist in Customizing, this makes it possible to process such transfer requirements via direct or automatic transfer order creation.
The following options are available in the dialog box:
In the inspection lot, the system records that the inspection sample quantity has been retained at the goods receipt area. In the transfer requirement, this quantity is kept as the open quantity. Further processing of this open transfer requirement quantity is only possible after the usage decision has been made.
SAP recommends using option a or b.If IM postings that relate directly to the inspection sample quantity arise from the usage decision in QM (goods issue to inspection sample or goods issue to returns), these postings take place in WM in the storage bin that is noted in the inspection lot so that no additional transfer order is required for this posting. Any open transfer requirements are canceled. Transferring the quantity to an inspection sample storage bin is appropriate if the sample is damaged during the inspection or if the inspection posting is complete. If the goods receipt quantity is always handled in the same way after the inspection has been closed (for example, release the entire quantity or return the entire quantity to the vendor), then you should decide on option a since, in this case, you always have an open transfer requirement that you can use to transfer the inspection sample quantity.
Make sure whenever you have inspection stock (and this stock belongs to different inspection lots) that the quants of these materials do not get mixed up in the storage bins. This can happen especially if you are using stock placement strategy “I “ (addition to existing stock), “C” (open storage) or “B“ (bulk storage). In the quant, only one inspection lot can be recorded. If the quant amount of a material belongs to different inspection lots, WM can no longer select the correct quants automatically based on a usage decision (for example, returns to vendors).
Examples: Making a Usage Decision
Based on the usage decision in QM, there can be three different action types in WM:
Depending on the setting in the movement type, the system creates a transfer requirement for the stock removal. An exception to this is when the interim storage bins in the transfer requirement to be created and in the transfer requirement to be canceled are the same. In this case, the system does not create a stock removal transfer requirement.
In WM there is no stock placement before the usage decision, that is, the complete goods receipt quantity remains in the GR Area (interim storage area for goods receipts) and the stock placement transfer requirement is completely open. The usage decision triggers off the process “Return to vendor”. Now, if the movement type of the return delivery is set so that the dynamic coordinate “Purchase order number” is used, the interim storage quant is balanced, the stock placement transfer requirement is canceled, and no new transfer requirement is created. Therefore, if the complete GR quantity is to be returned to the vendor, no further actions in WM are required.
If the goods receipt quantity is already placed into stock and if it has to be removed again on the basis of the usage decision, the system will only select those quants that belong to the respective inspection lot when the stock removal transfer requirement is being converted into a transfer order. If the system cannot automatically select quants for the required stock removal amount, you can display the material stocks without inspection lots from the stock overview during transfer order creation. For this purpose, choose Edit → Inspection lot → Ignore from the stock overview.
If the inspection sample quantity for each transfer order is reposted during goods receipt to an inspection sample storage bin, the stock in this storage bin is reduced by the two postings directly from the usage decision. No further action in WM is necessary.
If the inspection sample quantity remains in the goods receipt area during the goods receipt process, there is also a stock reduction in this storage bin. Also, the open transfer quantity is reduced by the respective quantity. No further actions are required in WM.
Automatic transfer order processing in the background
As a rule, automatic transfer order creation in the background is possible for all processes directly from the usage decision. This can be set in the movement type in the WM Customizing application.
Automatic transfer order creation is prevented internally by the system if more than one IM posting is created for which a transfer order is to be created automatically. The reason is that in this case the automatic quant determination is not possible during transfer order creation. The postings “GI to inspection sample” and “GI to returns” are exceptions if the respective quantity is in the inspection sample storage bin or still in the goods receipt area.
Table: Clarification of Logic
It is understood that for all the movement types involved, the setting “automatic transfer order creation” is defined.
Total Inspection Lot Quantity: 100 pieces
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Sap Wm Tutorial
Warehouse Management Guide
Warehouse Structure In The Warehouse Management System
Planning And Monitoring
Basic Stock Management
Hazardous Materials Management
Wm Interface To Quality Management
Stock Transfers And Replenishment
Posting Changes In Wm
Putaway And Picking Strategies
Storage Unit Management
Interfaces To External Systems
Mobile Data Entry
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