SAP Security Overview - SAP Security

What is SAP Security?

In every field or sector security plays a vital role in order to protect their transactions from unauthorized access. Here, in programming languages also one has to be careful in providing security to their data or information. It cannot go in the hands of other unauthorized sections. So in distributed environment like SAP, to protect or to safeguard the critical information and data from unauthorized access there is necessity to maintain profile policies and system security policies in your SAP Environment. Certain human errors, Incorrect Access Provisioning may happen and this shouldn’t allow unauthorized access to any system. In order to maintain that security is to be provided.
To make the user system secure, you need to have good understanding of user access profiles, password policies, data encryption and authorization methods that is to be used in the system. The user needs to check regularly SAP System Landscape and should look over all the changes that had occurred in the configuration and access profiles.
To meet the demands of system security requirements, the standard super users should be able to protect their user profile parameters and values that has to be set carefully and properly.
When the user communicates over a network, the user should know the network topology and network services. Later these services must be reviewed and enabled after thorough checks. Private keys are provided so that the data over the network is well protected and secure.

Why is Security Required in SAP?

As we know in a distributed environment line SAP there is always a possibility of leakage of critical information and data to unauthorized access. Security to the system is also been broken with not providing password policies, super users are not well maintained or any other kind of issues may arise.
Here are the few reasons why security is required in SAP system-
  • Not maintaining strong password policies.
  • Standard users, super user, DB users are not properly maintained and not changing the passwords regularly.
  • Profile parameters are not correctly defined.
  • Not monitoring unsuccessful logon attempts and idle user session end policies are not defined.
  • While sending data over the internet carelessness over the Network Communication security and no use of encryption keys.
  • No proper maintenance of Database users and no security measures are considered while setting up the information database.
  • Single Sign-no’s are not properly rectified and maintained in a SAP environment.
To overcome the barriers of all the above reasons defining security policies is compulsory in SAP environment. Security parameters can be defined and there is a need for password policies to be reviewed after regular time intervals.
As the database Security is the critical information that needs to be secured or protected in your SAP environment. So, it is necessary to see the passwords that are created by the database users are well protected or not.
The following Security mechanism should be applied in the system to protect SAP Environment from any unauthorized access −
  • User Authentication and Management
  • Network Communication Security
  • Protecting Standard Users and Super users
  • Unsuccessful Logons Protections
  • Profile parameters and password policies
  • SAP System Security in Unix and Windows Platform
  • Single Sign-On Concept
So, in SAP environment security is necessary, and the user need to confirm that the data and processes that support user business needs without allowing unauthorized access to critical information. In a SAP system, loss of critical information may occur by human errors, negligence, or attempted manipulation on the system.

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