SAP FI Define Document Type - SAP FICO

What is Document Type Key in SAP FI?

SAP FI enables to differentiate between the different business transactions and categorize the accounting documents. This is facilitated by Document Type Key provided by SAP. Also facilitates in determining the document number range and the account type like asset, material, vendor, etc.

Some of the common Document Type Keys provided by SAP are :

Document Type
Document Type Description
Asset Posting
Net Asset Posting
Customer Invoice
Customer Payment
Vendor Document
Vendor Credit Memo

How to define Document Type in SAP FI?

Go to SPRO → SAP Reference IMG → Financial Accounting → Financial Accounting Global Setting → Document → Document Header → Define Document Types → Execute.

Define Document Type

It is redirected to a new window, click on New Entries and provide the details as follows:

  • Document Type − Unique 2-digit code.
  • Number Range − Number Range Code.
  • Reverse Document Type − Reverse Document Type Key Code.
  • Number Range Information − Number ranges are maintained for document types.
  • Account Types allowed − Asset, Customer, Material, Vendor, and G/L Account.
  • Control Data − Control data for document type.

New Entries Document Type

Save the data provided and enter the description of the document. The configuration of the document type is saved.

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