ASAP has been the traditional framework for SAP's implementation of R/3 projects and it was extended to cover not only R/3, but other SAP solutions, such as CRM (Customer Relationship Management), APO, e-procurement (SRM), and even a specific ASAP Roadmap for Upgrade projects. ASAP was incorporated within the larger framework of ValueSAP, and it's now embedded within the SAP Solution Manager.
Within the context of the SAP solution life cycle management, ASAP was the basic and more important methodology for the implementation of complex projects. However, ASAP goes beyond just a methodology and provides a large number of its own tools and utilities for simplifying the implementation process. ASAP can traditionally be complemented with SAP and SAP partners' implementation services, such as training, support, consulting, and so on.
Although there are different ASAPs for the mySAP solutions, the general phases are quite common to all of them, the main difference being the activities and tasks for building the business process maps and the configuration options.
So in the following sections, the generic ASAP is largely introduced, with traditional SAP R/3 implementations as the core for the work packages and activities explained. The path proposed by SAP to reach the goal of getting a fast return on investment— that is, accomplishing a fast and cost-effective implementation—is based on the idea of facilitating a quick implementation of SAP applications and guaranteeing the quality. To achieve a both fast and quality implementation, ASAP is based on the following issues:
To realize those objectives, ASAP provides the project team with a methodology, tools, training, and services, as well as a process-oriented project plan known as the ASAP Roadmap.
The main tools provided by ASAP are as follows:
The ASAP solution set is delivered in a CD-ROM that is installed independently of SAP systems, although it can be connected and integrated with them. ASAP was basically release dependent and it provided periodic updates in the SAP Service Portal. In the latest releases, it was included within ValueSAP, and now it's fully integrated in the SAP Solution Manager. In line with SAP strategy, the ASAP method of implementation is positioned according to the following objectives and strategies:
The ASAP Roadmap is the project plan of the methodology. It's a well-defined and clear process-oriented project plan, providing a step-by-step guide during the life of the implementation project. The Roadmap is made up of five major phases, each one describing the main work packages, activities, and tasks to achieve the expected results. Together with the activities and tasks, ASAP provides all the process descriptions, tools, training, services, and documentation that will be useful for carrying out these activities.
The next sections briefly introduce the common Roadmap phases.
Phase 1: Project Preparation
At this first phase, project preparation, the project mission and scope are defined. Some key issues of this phase are as follows:
In this phase, ASAP provides tools, such as the Project Estimator, which helps and guides the project team using predefined questionnaires aimed at company upper management. Using the results of those questions, consultants can evaluate the answers and provide a high-level evaluation of the project scope, as well as an initial estimation of required resources and planning. This is the project starting point.
The outcome of this phase includes two essential documents in the implementation, the project charter and the detailed project plan. The management team or steering committee is responsible for evaluating such a plan and approving it if no objections are found. This will trigger the start for the next phase. ASAP pays particular attention to ensure the quality in the whole project process and decisions taken throughout the execution of this phase. Any error or wrong decisions can negatively affect the subsequent flow of the project and might produce delays, which means longer project time and higher costs.
Phase 2: Business Blueprint
In the second phase of the Roadmap, the project team undertakes a complete and comprehensive analysis of requirements and business process, while documenting and defining the SAP applications implementation in the company. To achieve these results, ASAP provides a group of predefined questionnaires, customer input templates, group sessions, individual interviews, and so on. Information gathered is critical and extremely useful for the project team, which can analyze and help to document the business processes and the future business requirements for the company.
Classical SAP R/3 projects used the SAP Business Engineer, including the SAP Reference Model and the Question and Answer Database, which are used for generating the Business Blueprint documents and the Business Process Master List. ASAP includes a business application repository with the tools that allow users to interact with and test the business processes of some of the mySAP Business Suite applications.
In this phase of the project, ASAP provides a specific methodology for analyzing and documenting the business processes. The result is a complete blueprint of the business processes. Within an overall implementation project, this is probably the most challenging phase. In a typical nine-month implementation project, this phase could last five or six weeks.
This phase combines the analysis and documentation of the business processes with the first level of training of project teams in the different SAP solutions, applications, and technology. Within this phase is typically the work package for starting the design of the systems environment, which includes the design of the system landscape, the technical infrastructure, and defining and testing the system administration procedures. At this point, the development and test clients are set up, and the IMG is initialized for the starting of the customizing activities. Finally, an extremely important addition to this major phase is the inclusion of the Change Management program, in charge of dealing with all human and organizational factors that influence the implementation project.
Within the framework of the SAP Solution Manager platform, which is the actual framework for implementation of SAP solutions, the system includes great utilities to perform this phase using processes that can be automatically selected from a Business Process Repository. In a following section, this new utility and its features is explained.
Phase 3: Realization
With the Business Blueprint documentation generated as a result of the previous phase, the project team should be in good shape for starting the Realization phase, the main phase for translating business processes requirements into technical configuration settings, in other words, SAP customizing. In this phase, ASAP includes a collection of work packages, activities, and tasks where actual implementation of business processes takes place.
From the Business Blueprint documentation generated as deliverable from the previous phase, consultants and project team members have enough information to make a valid proposal covering most business processes, reports, and daily business transactions, trying to match those of the SAP standard. If other processes are found that do not seem to cover perfectly the company's business procedures, reports, or transactions, requirements will be a matter of a fine configuration and tuning.
Most important work package activities within the Realization phase include the following:
As in every major phase, the last step will be a quality assurance realization process, where every element on the project phase is checked and verified. This phase will be the longest one in terms of time, efforts, and resources needed.
SAP Solution Manager includes specific utilities to facilitate the Realization phase, even in project involving several SAP Solutions and with the possibility of automatically linking configuration guides, IMG activities or test packages to the previously defined business processes.
Phase 4: Final Preparation
This phase, where all implementation elements and configurations are tested to finish the preparation for going live, requires a close collaboration between the full project team and the end users. Main objectives from this phase can be summarized as follows:
Phase 5: Go Live and Support
This phase starts the productive operation. The initial period after going live is the real evaluation period for everything done and designed in previous project phases. In most cases, it is recommended to have a progressive productive start, so that there is time to react to typical problems during this initial period, like the following:
The degree of success or failure (unfavorable user reaction) in this initial period of productive operation will be a factor of the completeness and accuracy of the previous phases and how the possible problems were issued.In this phase, a good procedure for communicating with SAP or partners to request their services might be important, for example, the realization of EarlyWatch (preventive maintenance) services. It is also the phase for testing the quality of operation and system administration procedures. Soon after, there will be a culture where the most frequent types of problems (around 80 to 90%) will already be classified and can be quickly solved. From the technical and administration point of view, after the initial adaptation to the productive operation, there is a time for managing different activities of the productive SAP system, such as the following:
SAP BASIS Related Interview Questions
|SAP CRM Interview Questions||SAP HR Interview Questions|
|SAP ABAP Interview Questions||SAP HANA Interview Questions|
|SAP Crystal Reports Interview Questions||SAP SOLMAN Interview Questions|
|SAP Security Interview Questions||SAP BPC Interview Questions|
|SAP Netweaver Interview Questions||SAP UI5 Interview Questions|
|SAP Smart Forms Interview Questions|
Sap Basis Tutorial
Sap: From Sap R/3 To Sap Netweaver
The Architecture Of The Sap Web Application Server
Sap Netweaver: An Overview
Using Sap Systems
Upgrading To Sap R/3 Enterprise: The First Step Into Sap Netweaver
The Change And Transport System
Development Options With Sap Solutions: Abap Engine
User Management And Security In Sap Environments
Web Application Server System Management
Performance And Troubleshooting With Sap Solutions
Sap For It Managers: Implementation, Planning, Operation, And Support Of Sap Systems
All rights reserved © 2018 Wisdom IT Services India Pvt. Ltd
Wisdomjobs.com is one of the best job search sites in India.