Are you medicine graduate? Wanted to do the specialization? Do you have a strong desire to work in hospitals to serve the people? Then log on to www.wisdomjobs.com. Respiratory therapist is a specialized healthcare practitioner trained in pulmonary medicine in order to work therapeutically with people suffering from pulmonary disease. It is best described as assessment and treatment of patients with both acute and chronic dysfunction of cardiopulmonary system. A respiratory therapist is a person who cares for the patients that have trouble breathing such as asthma or chronic pulmonary disease. The demand for respiratory therapists is excellent. So, medicine graduates who wanted to do specialization in pulmonary medicine and wanted to work as respiratory therapist can look into the below listed respiratory therapists job interview questions and answers given.
During emergency, respiratory therapist provides assistance and help to people who are unable to breath due to injury or illness. The role of the respiratory therapist is to assume primary responsibility for all respiratory care. It includes oxygen therapy, breathing treatments, humidity aerosol therapy, mechanical ventilation, cardio pulmonary resuscitation and pulmonary drainage system.
A suspension of solid or liquid particles in a gas is known as Aerosol. Example of aerosol includes dust particles, air pollutant, pollens etc.
Aerosol therapy is given to treat upper airway edema, overcome heat and humidity deficit in patients with tracheal airways and to help to get sputum specimens
Principal components of upper airway of human respiratory system is
Anticholinergic agent is a chemical substance which blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the peripheral and the central nervous system.
Inadequate humidification causes
Various tools used by respiratory therapist are
Ventilators: Ventilators are machines that breathes for the patient who are not able to breathe on their own and allows respiratory therapist to fix the amount of air and pressure required by the patient.
Spirometer: To measure the patients lung capacity spirometer is used, where a patient has to blow all the air from their lungs, from the patients blowing ability, their injury or illness severity can be predicted.
Blood gas analyzer: Normal human being contains around 95 to 100 percent of oxygen, blood gas analyzer checks the amount of oxygen from the blood specimen, anything below 100 percent is considered as a complication.
Volumetric exerciser: To increase the lung efficiency and to bring back the normal rhythm of breathing in ill patient, volumetric exerciser is used.
Inhaler and Nebulizer: Patient having asthma attack and other breathing problems inhalers and nebulizer are used to administer the medication.
To add water vapor to gas, these are the methods used
Alone supplemental oxygen can result in drying of the airways and reduce the cilia mobility, so in order to avoid this humidity therapy is given.
The immediate contraction of the muscles in the walls of the bronchioles is referred as bronchospasm. It is activated when there is a release of substances from mast cells or basophils. It causes problems in breathing which can range from severe to mild. Classic example of bronchospasm is Asthma.
The treatment involves administering the patient with drugs with B-blockers drugs this drug will bind with B2 receptors and block the action of Norepinephrine and epinephrine which causes the shortness of breath.
Bronchodilator is a compound that dilates the bronchioles and bronchi, results in decreasing of resistance in the respiratory airway, and at the same time increasing the airflow to the lungs.
It helps patient to identify the actual reason behind the respiratory disorder and can opt for a solution like
• Nutritional assessments ( Allergies towards any particular food items)
• Strategies for feeding
• Oxygen treatment
• Prophylactic antibiotics ( encourages airway function)
• Inhalers and Intubation
There are few secondary conditions as well that can be diagnosed and treated like
• Cough or cold
• Breathing conditions like Asthma
• Identifies gastro-intestinal complications
• Sleep apnea
If patient has no medication when there is asthma attack, he could follow the following things:
• Stay calm as much as possible
• Take long and deep breath ( breath out through mouth and breath in through nose)
• Identify the trigger component and get away from it
• Sit upright – bending or sleeping may worsen the attack
• Take hot caffeinated beverage
Emphysema is a lung condition where the tiny sacs ( Alveoli) in the lungs fill up with the air. As the air expands in the alveoli, it may break or damaged and form scar tissue. It is one of the chronic pulmonary disease. Regular smoking is one of the main reason behind emphysema.
This complication is incurable, yet there are certain therapy and medication which can slow down the progression of this disease like antibiotics, bronchodilators, steroid aerosol sprays, oxygen therapy and stop smoking.
Before treating patient it is important to know its acidotic/ alkalotic balance, it help therapist to assess his lung function and to decide what testing is further required by the patient.
In U.S.A, HISAD (Healthcare Infection Control Advisory Committee) protocol is considered one of the best sterilizing protocol used for apparatus and equipment apart from that respiratory therapist can follow personal sanitization protocol as well before seeing any patients.
Arterial blood gas sampling is a test used to know the pH of the patient. It is very helpful to diagnose any chronic or acute respiratory failure.
MERS stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, it is caused by a virus name coronavirus ( MERS-CoV) typically found in Middle East especially in Saudi Arabia. The virus belongs to a wide family which can cause common cold to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
Respiratory symptoms disorders are
To minimize respiratory complications you have to follow the following steps
Duties of a respiratory therapist generally include: administration of inhalants, operation of ventilators, administration of therapeutic gas apparatus and aerosol generators in order to facilitate and ease the process of respiration among assigned patients.
Moreover, diagnosing respiratory diseases and discomforts and creating treatment plans to address these problems is the major work of respiratory therapists. They also administer various medications and hook up patients to life saving equipment to help them deal with their respiratory issues. Additionally, respiratory therapists educate patients and families about different respiratory issues and how to deal with them.
I begin by assessing the patient’s pulmonary needs through pulmonary assessment tests. I then come up with a comprehensive respiratory therapy plan / schedule on basis of interpretation of test results and in consultation with the physician.
Definitely! Each patient has a complete file with charts which is updated after each treatment session. It not only consists of details of the treatment given but also details of how the patient’s system responded to the same.
I practice in compliance with the USA’s Healthcare infection control advisory committee (HISAD) by sterilizing all apparatus and equipment after every use and by following personal sanitization protocols prior to any interaction with patients.
I initiated installation and usage of oscillation and jet ventilators at the unit which were not only cost effective but also generated better results as compared to the traditional ventilators. They still have them.
I am especially trained to use nasal cannulas, air cushion resuscitation masks, non-rebreathing masks, nebulizers, aspirators, compact compressors, ultrasonic nebulizers and ventilators.
I believe that I am quite capable of handling emergency situations effectively and I have my work to show for it. The most important thing in situations that demand immediate attention is to figure out where the problem is. If one has the capability of figuring out the nature of disease, it is easy to pinpoint what treatment needs to be administered by looking at only a few symptoms.
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Drug Action And Drug Interactions
Pharmacology And The Nursing Process
Principles Of Medication Administration
Fluid And Electrolyte Therapy
Nutritional Support Therapies
Antimicrobials— Fighting Infection
Nervous System Drugs
Disorders Of The Eye And Ear
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