Fresher’s and experienced those who are looking for jobs in production department with good technical and problem solving skills are most welcome to wisdom job site which gives you latest updates about your job search. Our site has framed with advanced interview questions and answers that fetch you with handsome salary. Production is the method of converting raw materials or inputs into finished goods or products in a manufacturing process. As a production engineer you need to ensure that all products are manufactured with good quality and efficiency according to planned protocols with the use of technology. You have lot of scope in this production department as product manager, production engineer, production assistant, production coordinator, production supervisor etc. Please go through the below listed production job interview questions and answers which enables you to prepare well for the interview session.
BOM stands for Bill Of Materials; it is a list of item or parts that makeup a product assembly. For example, a lawn mower requires a handle assembly, metal deck assembly, a control assembly, motor and blade assembly.
DCR stands for Document Change Request, a change request which addresses about a problem with a document, SOP (standard operating procedure) or specification and propose a change to fix it.
Kanban is scheduling system which advises manufacturers about how much to produce, what to produce and when to produce. In this system, inventory is re-filled only when visual cues like an empty bin or cart is seen.
MES stands for a system that manages and controls the production on the factory floor with the motive of reducing the total time required to produce an order.
Six sigma is a data-driven methodology and approach for eliminating defects in any process from manufacturing to transactional and from product to service.
Lean Manufacturing: It takes the concept of JIT and re-examines it from the customer point of view. Anything that is produced should add something of valuable to the customer’s requirement. For example, if you are making stereo system for a luxury car, you will think from the customer point of view like sound quality, durability, space occupancy, loud or medium sound, etc.
JIT (Just-in-Time): This methodology is designed to ensure that a product or part would arrive just in time to be used. This technique saves the cost behind the unused inventory, and eliminating the need of piling up inventory.
QMS stands for Quality Management System; it documents all necessary information about company’s design and operational controls, including issue reporting, monitoring, continuous improvement and training, to make sure that company delivers continuous product.
Batch production is a manufacturing technique, where components or goods are produced in groups and not in a continuous stream. This methodology is mainly used when similar items are produced together.
Main challenge in manufacturing is to develop better production processes, ensure the right material and component supplies at the least cost, decrease production time, eliminate wastage and maintain quality in the final product.
The factors affect the manufacturing process are:
Supplies: A well-managed supply and inventory is very crucial in order to run manufacturing process smoothly. The manufacturers must brace themselves up and ready to overcome any unexpected delays in supplies due to weather or transportation hindrance.
Equipment: Equipment’s are the central unit for any manufacturing plant; regular maintenance are utmost necessary to avoid a breakdown in the middle of production. Identify the means of improving the efficiency of every part of the equipment.
Factory Overhead: Without power supply, manufacturing is not possible. Always keep plan B ready in case of temporary power cut down.
Special Parts: Replacing any special spare parts with different specification may slow down your production, so before ordering any special spare parts ensure it fits your demand especially if it is imported from long distance.
Work Force: Human resource is equally important and plays a major role in manufacturing unit.
During the manufacturing process, whatever the cost is incurred during the process is referred as “factory overhead”, excluding the cost of materials and direct labours.
Following are the overheads a production manufacturing engineer has to consider:
Supervising a manufacturing process includes attending to the individual phases of the production. Also, manufacturing supervisor should have a close eye on the inventory that going to be used.
Step 1: Keep the records of different phases of manufacturing also analyse whether the amount of product produced by the crew is enough to meet the demand
Step 2: Look for the bottlenecks in the unit and see how you can eliminate it
Step 3: Keep the track of inventory and try to reduce the liquid capital used after unused material
Step 4: Examine the final goods to determine whether they meet the company’s quality standards.
Manufacturing work in progress is when manufacturing firm transforms material into the work in process which includes raw material, labour and factory overhead. You can calculate all the below factors to know the costing for the manufacturing work in progress.
A product report is a general term used to represent design, manufacturing, quality, sales and repair information about a product.
RMA stands for Return Material Authorization; it is a financial and work order tracking used to determine a returned item’s origination. It is often used in a transaction where a customer returns goods to the manufacturer for replacement or repair purpose.
Manufacturers are highly dependent on their raw material suppliers, to communicate with them effectively SCAR is used. It is a change request that mentions the issues with the process or material from a supplier and ask for a resolution. It sometimes also includes the details about how the complaint should be addressed.
In manufacturing unit, software that can be useful are Manufacturing ERP and Material Management. Some of the companies that provide the manufacturing software solution are SAP, Oracle ERP system, etc.
GMP is a good manufacturing practice and is recognized worldwide for the control and management of manufacturing and quality control testing of foods, medical devices and pharmaceutical products.
For QA in manufacturing techniques used are:
Acceptance sampling: In this testing, a random sample is picked from the batch rather than testing the whole batch.
Statistical process control: Through the use of control charts and data collected for the samples at the various stages of production a manufacturing product can be monitored
Troubleshooting studies: At the end of the line product, a trouble-shooting study can be carried out to see whether the changes in the inputs are associated with the output variables.
Production Related Tutorials
|Production and Operations Management Tutorial||Quality Management Tutorial|
Production Related Interview Questions
|Production and Operations Management Interview Questions||Quality Management Interview Questions|
|Production Planning and Control Interview Questions||Maintenance and Manufacturing Interview Questions|
|Production Engineer Interview Questions||Production Supervisor Interview Questions|
|Maintenance, repair and operations (MRO) Interview Questions||Steel Production Interview Questions|
|Production Pharmacist Interview Questions|
Introduction To Production And Operation
Plant Location And Layout
Production Planning And Control
Work Study (time And Motion Study)
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