A team is a relatively permanent work group whose members must coordinate their activities to achieve one or more common objectives. The objectives might include advising others in the organization, producing goods or services, and carrying out a project. Because achievement of the team's objectives requires coordination, team members depend on one another and must interact regularly. A work team generates positive synergy through coordinated effort. Their individual efforts result in a level of performance that is greater than the sum of those individual inputs. Teams have far-reaching impact in the today's workplace. They have become an essential part of the way business is being done.
Work teams imply a high degree of coordination among their members, along with a shared belief that winning (achieving team goals) is not only desirable but the very reason for the team's existence. Any team is therefore a group, but only some groups have the high degree of interdependence and commitment to success we associate with a team.
Although the desire to achieve high levels of commitment and coordination is common among organizations using teamwork, the nature of specific teams varies considerably.
Two major dimensions along which teams differ are differentiation of team roles and integration into the organization.
Types of Teams
Based on their objectives teams may be classified as problem-solving teams, self-managed teams and cross-functional teams.
There are two types of cross-functional teams. They are: -
Task force: It is nothing other than a temporary cross-functional team.
Committees: Composed of groups made up of members from across departmental lines.
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