Process of Management

Management is an activity consisting of a distinct process which is primarily concerned with the important task of goal achievement. No business enterprise can achieve its objectives until and unless all the members of the enterprise make an integrated and planned effort under the directions of a central coordinating agency. This central coordinating agency is technically known as 'management' and the methodology of getting things done is known as 'management process'.

The process of management involves the determination of objectives and putting them into action. According to McFarland, "Management is the process by which managers create, direct, maintain and operate purposive organisations through systematic, coordinated and co operative human effort".

According to G. R. Terry -"Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organising, actuating and controlling, performed to determine and accomplish stated objectives by the use of human beings and other resources".

Process of Management

Process of Management

Under management as a process, management is considered as a continuing activity made up of basic management functions. The process is on going and continuing. It assumes a cyclical character.

  1. Planning: Denotes the determination of short-to-long-range plans to achieve the objectives of organisation.
  2. Organising: Indicates the development of sound organisation structure according to predetermined plans.
  3. Direction: Means stimulating and motivation of personnel of the organization according to predetermined plans.
  4. Controlling: Offers assurance that directs action i.e., plan- in-action, is taking place as per plan.

We have an ongoing cycle of planning - action - control - replanning. Control function closes the system loop by providing adequate and accurate feedback of significant deviations from planned performance in time. Feedback can affect the inputs or any of the managerial functions or the process so that deviations can be removed and goals can be accomplished.


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Principles of Management and Organisational Behaviour Topics