NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTIVATION

Characteristics of Motivation in Psychology

Psychologists generally agree that all behaviour is motivated, and that people have reasons for doing the things they do or for behaving in the manner that they do. Motivating is the work a manager performs to inspire, encourage and impel people to take required action.

The process of motivation is characterized by the following:-

Motivation is an Internal Feeling

Motivation is a psychological phenomen on which generates in the mind of an individual the feeling that he lacks certain things and needs those things. Motivation is a force within an individual that drives him to behave in a certain way.

Nature of Motivation in Organisational behaviour

Nature of Motivation is Related to Needs

Needs are deficiencies which are created whenever there is a physiological or psychological imbalance. In order to motivate a person, we have to understand his needs that call for satisfaction.

Motivation Produces Goal-Directed Behaviour

Goals are anything which will alleviate a need and reduce a drive. An individual's behavior is directed to wards a goal.

Motivation can be either Positive or Negative

Positive or incentive motivation is generally based on reward. According to Flippo -"positive motivation is a process of attempting to influence others to do your will through the possibility of gain or reward".

Negative or fear motivation is based on force and fear. Fear causes persons to act in acertain way because they are afraid of the consequences if they don't.


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