Managerial Functions

A manager is called upon to perform the following managerial functions:

  1. Planning
  2. Organising
  3. Staffing
  4. Directing
  5. Motivating
  6. Controlling
  7. Co-ordinating and
  8. Communicating.

Functions of Manager

Functions of Manager

  1. Planning: When management is reviewed as a process, planning is the first function performed by a manager. The work of a manager begins with the setting of objectives of the organisation and goals in each area of the business. This is done through planning. A plan is a predetermined course of action to accomplish the set objectives. It is today's projection for tomorrow's activity. Planning includes objectives, strategies, policies, procedures, programmes, etc. As it involves making choices, decision-making is the heart of planning.

  2. Organising: Organising includes putting life into the plan by bringing together personnel, capital, machinery, materials etc., to execute the plans. While, planning decides what management wants to do, organising provides an effective machine for achieving the plans.

  3. Staffing: Staffing involves filling the positions needed in the organisation structure by appointing competent and qualified persons for the job. This needs man power planning, scientific selection and training of personnel, suitable methods of remuneration and performance appraisal.

  4. Directing: Direction involves managing managers, managing workers and the work through the means of motivation, proper leadership, effective communication as well as co-ordination. A manager must develop the ability to command and direct others.

  5. Motivating: Motivation is a managerial function to inspire and encourage people to take required action. Motivation is the key to successful management of any enterprise. Motivation can set into motion a person to carry out certain activity.

  6. Controlling: Control is the process of measuring actual results with some standard of performance, finding the reason for deviations of actual from desired result and taking corrective action when necessary. Thus, controlling enables the realization of plans. A manager must adopt the following steps in controlling:

    • Identify potential problems.
    • Select mode of control.
    • Evaluate performance in terms of planning.
    • Spot significant deviations.
    • Ascertain causes of deviations.
    • Take remedial measures.
  7. Co-ordination: Co-ordination is concerned with harmonious and unified action directed toward a common objective. It ensures that all groups and persons work efficiently, economically and in harmony. Co-ordination requires effective channels of communication. Person-to-person communication is most effective for coordination.

  8. Communication: It means transfer of information and under-standing from person to person. Communication also leads to sharing of information, ideas and knowledge.

It enables group to think together and act together.


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Principles of Management and Organisational Behaviour Topics