Our treatment of learning would not be complete without touching on Jung's theory of personality differences. Two elements of Jung's theory have important implications for learning.

  1. The first element is the distinction between introverted and extroverted people.
  2. Introverts: The introvert is energized by time alone. Introverts prefer quiet for concentration, and they like to think things through in private. They do not mind working on a project for a long time and are careful with details. Introverts dislike telephone interruptions, and they may have trouble recalling names and faces.

    Introverts need quite time to study, concentrate and reflect on what they are learning. They think best when they are alone.

    Extroverts: The extravert is energized by interaction with other people. In work settings, extroverts prefer variety and they do not mind the interruptions of the phone or visits from co-workers. They communicate freely but may say things they regret later. Extraverts need to interact with other people, learning through the process of expressing and exchanging ideas with others. They think best in groups and while they are talking.

  3. The second element is the personality functions of intuition, sensing thinking and feeling.
  4. Intuition: Intuiting is gathering information through "sixth sense" and focusing on what could be rather than what actually exists. Inductors like solving new problems and are impatient with routine details. They enjoy learning new skills more than actually using them. Inductors tend to think about several things at once, and others may see them as absentminded. They like figuring out how things work just for the fun of it.

    Sensing: Sensing is gathering information through the five senses and to what actually exists. At work, sensors prefer specific answers to questions and can become frustrated with vague instructions. They like jobs that yield tangible results, and they enjoy using established skills more than learning new ones.

    Thinking: The thinker makes decisions in a logical, objective fashion. Thinkers tend to analyse decisions and try to be impersonal. In work setting, thinkers do not show much emotion, and they may become uncomfortable with people who do.

They respond more readily to other people's thoughts. They are firm minded and like putting things into a logical framework.

Feelings: Feeling is making decisions in a personal, value - oriented way. Feelers are more comfortable with emotion in the workplace. They enjoy pleasing people and need a lot of praise and encouragement.

Personality Functions and Learning

Personality Functions and Learning

The function of intuition and sensing determine the individual's preference for information gathering. The functions of thinking and feeling determine though the individual evaluates and makes decisions about newly acquired information. Each person has a preferred mode of gathering information and a preferred mode of evaluating and making decisions about that information.

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