One liability of a cohesive group is its tendency to develop group think a disfunctional process. Group think is the tendency in cohesive groups to seek agreement about an issue at the expense of realistically appraising the situation. With group think, group members are so concerned about preserving the cohesion of the group that they are reluctant to bring up issues that may cause disagreements or to provide information that may prove unsettling to the discussion. Irving Janis, the originator of the group think concept, describes group think as "a deterioration of mental efficiency, reality testing and moral judgement" resulting from in-group pressures.
Certain conditions favour the development of group think.
These antecedents cause members to prefer concurrence in decisions and to fail to evaluate one another's suggestions critically. Such tendencies can have disastrous consequences when major issues are being considered.
A group suffering from group think shows recognizable symptoms.
Group Polarization: Group polarization is the tendency for group discussion to produce shifts towards more extreme attitudes among members. The tendency toward polarization has important implications for group decision making. Groups whose initial views lean a certain way can be expected to adopt more extreme views following interaction. Several ideas have been proposed to explain why group polarization occurs.
They are -
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Foundation Of Group Behaviour
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