Control is the process through which managers assure that actual activities conform to planned activities. According to Breach - "Control is checking current performance against predetermined standards contained in the plans, with a view to ensuring adequate progress and satisfactory performance."
In the words of Koontz and O'Donnell - "Managerial control implies measurement of accomplishment against the standard and the correction of deviations to assure attainment of objectives according to plans."
In the words of Haynes and Massie - "Fundamentally, control is any process that guides activity towards some predetermined goal. The essence of the concept is in determining whether the activity is achieving the desired results”.
In the words of J. L. Massie - "Control is the process that measures current performance and guides it towards some predetermined goals."
In the words of Henry Fayol - "Control consists in verifying whether everything occurs in conformity with the plan adopted, the instructions issued and the principles established.
Its object is to find out the weakness and errors in order to rectify them and prevent recurrence. It operates on everything, i.e., things, people and actions".
From the above definitions it is clear that the managerial function of control consists in a comparison of the actual performance with the planned performance with the object of discovering whether all is going on well according to plans and if not why. Remedial action arising from a study of deviations of the actual performance with the standard or planned performance will serve to correct the plans and make suitable changes. Controlling is the nature of follow-up to the other three fundamental functions of management.
There can, in fact, be not controlling without previous planning, organising and directing. Controlling cannot take place in a vacuum.
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Principles Of Management And Organisational Behaviour Tutorial
Management Science Theory And Practice
Management And Society
Functions Of Management
Human Factors And Motivation
Leadership And Group Decision Making
The Process Of Controlling
Control Techniques & Global Controlling
Attitudes, Values And Work Ethics
Perception And Learning
Foundation Of Group Behaviour
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