The osmolality of many IV fluids is similar to serum osmolality,which is 290 mOsm/kg H2O. IV fluids are:
IV solutions are classified as crystalloids, colloids, or lipids.
Crystalloids are used for replacement and maintenance of fluid balance therapy. These include dextrose, saline, and lactated Ringer’s solution.
Colloids are volume expanders that increase the patient’s fluid volume. These include Dextran, amino acids, hetastarch, and plasmanate.
Lipids are a fat emulsion that is given when IV therapy extends for longer than five days. This is used for prolonged parenteral nutrition to provide essential fatty acids.
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