Installing Oracle Software - Oracle DBA

Now that you have an understanding of how the Oracle database components are structured and interoperate, you can install the software that will create and control the components.

Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) A GUI-based tool used to install or uninstall Oracle software components and tools.

To install Oracle 10g, you can use the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI), a GUI-based Java tool that has the same look and feel regardless of which software platform you are using to install the software. As part of most Oracle installations, you can also install the Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM) toolset, which is a graphical system management tool that allows a DBA to manage and administer more than one Oracle instance from a single application. In addition, the browser-based Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control interface makes it easy to administer an Oracle database from any platform that supports a web browser.

Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM) A GUI-based tool used to manage one or more Oracle database instances.

Here, we'll go through a basic installation of the Oracle server and review some of the key features of the OEM console.

Using the Oracle Universal Installer

One of the key concepts to understand when Oracle is installed on a server is the Oracle Home. An Oracle Home is simply a single directory location in the file-system that contains all of the installed Oracle products and options for a specific version of the Oracle software. Each Oracle Home has a name assigned to it, and the value of this name is stored in the Windows Registry.

Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control An Internet browser-based tool used to manage one or more Oracle database instances.

At Scott's widget company, the DBA, Janice, needs to install a second Oracle server on a Microsoft Windows platform. She runs the program setup.exe from an Oracle installation CD image on disk. The first OUI screen past the Welcome screen appears, as shown below, prompting Janice for the file locations where the Oracle software should be installed. The source for the install is already specified as a directory location on drive D:.

Oracle Home A common directory location used to store the associated program files for a specific release of the Oracle database software.

Using-the-Oracle-Universal-Installer

If there are previous installations of Oracle on this server, the pathnames are shown in the Destination section of this OUI screen. In this example, there is an existing installation of Oracle9i in the directory F:Oracle9i. Janice wants to install the newer Oracle Database 10g software into the directory F:Oracle10g2, so she changes the entry in the Path text box to F:Oracle10g2, changes the name in the Oracle Home text box to OraHome10g2, and clicks the Next button.

On nearly all of the screens in an installation using OUI, there is a button labeled Installed Products, which allows the DBA to view and uninstall other products already installed on this server.

After the product list is retrieved from the CD in drive D:, OUI displays the available products that can be installed from the CD. Janice chooses to install the Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition and clicks the Next button.

Using-the-Oracle-Universal-Installer

The next decision Janice must make is what kind of database she wants to have installed or whether to have only the software installed. OUI comes with several preconfigured databases, each optimized for different environments. Since none of these preconfigured databases suits Janice's needs exactly, she will install only the software now and create a database manually using the Database Configuration Assistant, discussed later in this chapter. Janice selects the Do Not Create A Starter Database option.

Select data base configuration

A summary screen gives Janice one more chance to change the installation options or cancel the entire installation.

Using-the-Oracle-Universal-Installer

Janice clicks the Install button to begin the installation of the Oracle software. The final OUI screen shows that the installation was successful.

Using-the-Oracle-Universal-Installer

Using the Oracle Enterprise Manager Tools

One of the tools available with Oracle Enterprise Edition is OEM, which allows you to manage Oracle components and to control and configure one or more Oracle databases from one console.

The OEM console has two panes. The Navigator pane on the left provides a hierarchical view of all of the databases and other Oracle-related services on the network. Clicking one of the nodes in the Navigator pane brings up the status and contents of that node in the pane on the right. Using OEM, you can easily browse objects and characteristics of the database, such as tablespaces, user accounts, datafiles, and configuration parameters of the instance.

Janice, the DBA, wants to get a quick overview of the tablespaces that exist in the database that has a connect descriptor of or92. She starts OEM under Microsoft Windows by selecting All Programs, Oracle - OraHome 10g2, Enterprise Manager Console. She enters her username, her password, and the connect descriptor.

Using the Oracle Enterprise Manager Tools

The next screen shows the different kinds of functionality available to Janice in the Navigator pane of OEM. She expands the Storage branch by double-clicking and then clicks Tablespaces. She notices that the EXAMPLE tablespace is at full capacity, which is fine since it is used for training and will not have any new objects. However, she does need to look into expanding the size of the SYSTEM tablespace, since it is 99.39 percent full.

Using the Oracle Enterprise Manager Tools

Starting with Oracle 10g, access to a database instance is available using a web browser, giving Janice functionality similar to that of the OEM console. Shown below is the home page for the ord database.

Using the Oracle Enterprise Manager Tools


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