Structure Of Complex Select MySQL

There are two structures that describe selects:

  • st_select_lex (SELECT_LEX) for representing SELECT itself
  • st_select_lex_unit (SELECT_LEX_UNIT) for grouping several selects in a bunch

The latter item represents UNION operation (the absence of UNION is a union with only one SELECT and this structure is present in any case). In the future, this structure will be used for EXCEPT and INTERSECT as well.
For example:

Note: Single subquery 4 has its own SELECT_LEX_UNIT.

The uppermost SELECT_LEX_UNIT (#2 in example) is stored in LEX. The first and uppermost SELECT_ LEX (#1 in example) is stored in LEX, too. These two structures always exist.

At the time of creating or performing any JOIN::* operation, LEX::current_select points to an appropriate SELECT_LEX.

Only during parsing of global ORDER BY and LIMIT clauses (for the whole UNION), LEX::current_select points to SELECT_LEX_UNIT of this unit, in order to store this parameter in this SELECT_LEX_UNIT. SELECT_LEX and SELECT_LEX_UNIT are inherited from st_select_lex_node.

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