Medical Specialty-Pulmonology - Medical Terminology(Adaptive*)

Pulmonology

The medical specialty of pulmonology, also called pulmonary medicine, is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases involving the structures of the lower respiratory tract, including the lungs, their airways and blood vessels, and the chest wall (thoracic cage).

Medical doctors who treat respiratory disorders are called pulmonologists. Respiratory disorders include but are not limited to asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, occupational and industrial lung disease, and pulmonary vascular disease. Pulmonologists also care for patients requiring specialized ventilator support and lung transplantation. In general, they are specialized to diagnose and manage pulmonary disorders and acute and chronic respiratory failure. Diagnosis and management of pulmonary disorders may include pulmonary function tests, arterial blood gas analysis, chest x-rays, and chemical or microbiological tests.


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