Medical Specialties-Urology and Nephrology - Medical Terminology(Adaptive*)


The urinary system is associated with the medical specialty of urology. Physicians who specialize in clinical treatment of disorders of the female and the male urinary systems are called urologists. Because some urinary structures in the male perform a dual role, performing urinary functions and reproductive functions, the urologist also treats male reproductive disorders. These disorders include but are not limited to treatment of bladder cancer, infertility, and sexual dysfunctions. Urologists also perform various surgical procedures, such as transurethral resection of the prostate, cystoscopy, and various other procedures to treat numerous disorders of the urinary system.


Nephrologists specialize in the diagnosis and management of kidney disease, kidney transplantation, and dialysis therapies. The medical specialty of nephrology is a subspecialty of internal medicine. After completing a residency, the internist must complete additional training, or a fellowship, as a nephrologist.

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