Gynecology and Obstetrics
Gynecology is the medical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of female reproductive disorders, including the breasts. Unlike most medical specialties, gynecology encompasses surgical and non surgical expertise of the physician. The gynecologist is a physician who specializes in gynecology. Because obstetrics is studied in conjunction with gynecology, the physician’s medical practice commonly encompasses both areas of expertise.
This branch of medicine is called obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN). The obstetrician and gynecologist possess knowledge of endocrinology because hormones play an important role in the functions of the female reproductive system, especially the process of secondary sex characteristics, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. Therefore infertility, birth control, and hormone imbalance are all part of the treatment provided by an OB-GYN physician.
Obstetrics is the branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth, including the study of the physiological and pathological functions of the female reproductive tract. It also involves the care of the mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the immediate postpartum (after birth) period.
An obstetrician is a physician who specializes in obstetrics. The branch of medicine that concentrates on the care of the neonate (newborn) and in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the neonate is known as neonatology. Once the infant is born, physicians called neonatologists specialize in providing their medical care.
The branch of medicine concerned with disorders and care of the urinary tract in men and women and of the male reproductive system is known as urology. Urologists diagnose and treat disorders of the male reproductive system, such as sexual dysfunction and infertility. Their scope of practice includes various surgeries, such as transurethral resection of the prostate and cystoscopy. In addition, urologists treat genitourinary tract diseases that affect the urinary system of men and women.
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