JavaMail API POP3 Servers - JavaMail API

What is JavaMail API POP3 Servers?

Post office Protocol (POP) is an application-layer internet standard protocol utilized by local e-mail clients to retrieve e-mail from a remote server over a TCP/IP connection. POP helps easy download-and-delete requirements for access to remote e-mailboxes. A POP3 server listens on e-mail port 110.

Bundle com.sun.mail.pop3 is a POP3 protocol issuer for the JavaMail API that gives access to a POP3 message save. The table under lists the lessons on this package:

Name

Description

POP3Folder

A POP3 Folder (can only be "INBOX").

POP3Message

A POP3 Message.

POP3SSLStore

A POP3 Message Store using SSL.

POP3Store

A POP3 Message Store.

Some points to be mentioned above this provider:

  • POP3 company helps only a single folder named INBOX. due to the limitations of the POP3 protocol, some of the JavaMail API capabilities like event notification, folder control, flag control, etc. are not allowed.
  • The POP3 issuer is accessed via the JavaMail APIs through the usage of the protocol name pop3 or a URL of the form pop3://user:password@host:port/INBOX".
  • POP3 helps no permanent flags. for example the Flags.Flag.recent flag will never be set for POP3 messages. it is as much as the application to determine which messages in a POP3 mailbox are new.
  • POP3 does not assist the Folder.expunge() technique. To delete and expunge messages, set the Flags.Flag.DELETED flag on the messages and close the folder using the Folder.close(true) method.
  • POP3 does not offer a received date, so the getReceivedDate technique will return null.
  • When the headers of a POP3 message are accessed, the POP3 issuer uses the top command to fetch all headers, which can be then cached.
  • When the content of a POP3 message is accessed, the POP3 issuer makes use of the RETR command to fetch the entire message.
  • The POP3Message.invalidate technique can be used to invalidate cached records with out closing the folder.

The POP3 protocol provider supports the following properties, which may be set within the JavaMail session item. The properties are always set as strings; the type column describes how the string is interpreted.

Name

Type

Description

mail.pop3.user

String

Default user name for POP3.

mail.pop3.host

String

The POP3 server to connect to.

mail.pop3.port

int

The POP3 server port to connect to, if the connect() method doesn't explicitly specify one. Defaults to 110.

mail.pop3.connectiontimeout

int

Socket connection timeout value in milliseconds. Default is infinite timeout.

mail.pop3.timeout

int

Socket I/O timeout value in milliseconds. Default is infinite timeout.

mail.pop3.rsetbeforequit

boolean

Send a POP3 RSET command when closing the folder, before sending the QUIT command. Default is false.

mail.pop3.message.class

String

Class name of a subclass of com.sun.mail.pop3.POP3Message. The subclass can be used to handle (for example) non-standard Content-Type headers. The subclass must have a public constructor of the form MyPOP3Message(Folder f, int msgno) throws MessagingException.

mail.pop3.localaddress

String

Local address (host name) to bind to when creating the POP3 socket. Defaults to the address picked by the Socket class.

mail.pop3.localport

int

Local port number to bind to when creating the POP3 socket. Defaults to the port number picked by the Socket class.

mail.pop3.apop.enable

boolean

If set to true, use APOP instead of USER/PASS to login to the POP3 server, if the POP3 server supports APOP. APOP sends a digest of the password rather than the clear text password. Defaults to false.

mail.pop3.socketFactory

Socket Factory

If set to a class that implements the javax.net.SocketFactory interface, this class will be used to create POP3 sockets.

mail.pop3.socketFactory.class

String

If set, specifies the name of a class that implements the javax.net.SocketFactory interface. This class will be used to create POP3 sockets.

mail.pop3.socketFactory.fallback

boolean

If set to true, failure to create a socket using the specified socket factory class will cause the socket to be created using the java.net.Socket class. Defaults to true.

mail.pop3.socketFactory.port

int

Specifies the port to connect to when using the specified socket factory. If not set, the default port will be used.

mail.pop3.ssl.enable

boolean

If set to true, use SSL to connect and use the SSL port by default. Defaults to false for the "pop3" protocol and true for the "pop3s" protocol.

mail.pop3.ssl.checkserveridentity

boolean

If set to true, check the server identity as specified by RFC 2595. Defaults to false.

mail.pop3.ssl.trust

String

If set, and a socket factory hasn't been specified, enables use of a MailSSLSocketFactory.
If set to "*", all hosts are trusted.
If set to a whitespace separated list of hosts, those hosts are trusted.
Otherwise, trust depends on the certificate the server presents.

mail.pop3.ssl.socketFactory

SSL Socket Factory

If set to a class that extends the javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory class, this class will be used to create POP3 SSL sockets.

mail.pop3.ssl.socketFactory.class

String

If set, specifies the name of a class that extends the javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory class. This class will be used to create POP3 SSL sockets.

mail.pop3.ssl.socketFactory.port

int

Specifies the port to connect to when using the specified socket factory. If not set, the default port will be used.

mail.pop3.ssl.protocols

string

Specifies the SSL protocols that will be enabled for SSL connections. The property value is a whitespace separated list of tokens acceptable to the javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket.setEnabledProtocols method.

mail.pop3.starttls.enable

boolean

If true, enables the use of the STLS command (if supported by the server) to switch the connection to a TLS-protected connection before issuing any login commands. Defaults to false.

mail.pop3.starttls.required

boolean

If true, requires the use of the STLS command. If the server doesn't support the STLS command, or the command fails, the connect method will fail. Defaults to false.

mail.pop3.socks.host

string

Specifies the host name of a SOCKS5 proxy server that will be used for connections to the mail server.

mail.pop3.socks.port

string

Specifies the port number for the SOCKS5 proxy server.

mail.pop3.disabletop

boolean

If set to true, the POP3 TOP command will not be used to fetch message headers. Defaults to false.

mail.pop3.forgettopheaders

boolean

If set to true, the headers that might have been retrieved using the POP3 TOP command will be forgotten and replaced by headers retrieved as part of the POP3 RETR command. Defaults to false.

mail.pop3.filecache.enable

boolean

If set to true, the POP3 provider will cache message data in a temporary file rather than in memory. Messages are only added to the cache when accessing the message content. Message headers are always cached in memory (on demand). The file cache is removed when the folder is closed or the JVM terminates. Defaults to false.

mail.pop3.filecache.dir

String

If the file cache is enabled, this property can be used to override the default directory used by the JDK for temporary files.

mail.pop3.cachewriteto

boolean

Controls the behavior of the writeTo method on a POP3 message object. If set to true, and the message content hasn't yet been cached, and ignoreList is null, the message is cached before being written. Otherwise, the message is streamed directly to the output stream without being cached. Defaults to false.

mail.pop3.keepmessagecontent

boolean

If this property is set to true, a hard reference to the cached content will be kept, preventing the memory from being reused until the folder is closed or the cached content is explicitly invalidated (using the invalidate method). Defaults to false.

In preferred, applications need to not use the classes in this package directly. instead, they need to use the APIs defined by javax.mail package (and subpackages). applications need to by no means construct instances of POP3Store or POP3Folder at once. instead, they need to use the session technique getStore to collect the best save item, and from that collect Folder objects.

Examples to apply POP3 server is proven in chapter Checking Emails

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