JavaFX Layout Panes(Containers) - JavaFX

What is JavaFX Layout Panes(Containers)?

After constructing all the required nodes in a scene, we can usually set up them in order.

This arrangement of the components inside the container is known as the layout of the box. We can also say that we followed a layout as it consists of setting all of the components at a selected role within the container.

JavaFX presents several predefined layouts including HBox, VBox, Border Pane, Stack Pane, text flow, Anchor Pane, name Pane, Grid Pane, flow Panel, etc.

Every of the above stated layout is represented by using a class and these kinds of classes belongs to the package javafx.layout. The class named Pane is the base class of all of the layouts in JavaFX.

Creating a Layout

To create a layout, you want to −

  • Create node.
  • Instantiate the respective class of the specified layout.
  • Set the properties of the format.
  • Upload all of the created nodes to the layout.

Creating Nodes

To begin with, create the specified nodes of the JavaFX application through instantiating their respective classes.

For example, if you want to have a text subject and two buttons specifically, play and stop in a HBox layout - you will must to begin with create those nodes as shown within the following code block –

Instantiating the Respective Class

After developing the nodes (and completing all of the operations on them), instantiate the class of the specified layout.

For example, if you want to create a Hbox format, you want to instantiate this class as follows.

Setting the Properties of the Layout

After instantiating the class, you need to set the properties of the format the usage of their respective setter techniques.

For Example − if you need to set space between the created nodes inside the HBox layout, then you need to set value to the assets named spacing. this could be finished by using the setter technique setSpacing() as proven below –

Adding the Shape Object to the Group

Finally, you want to feature the item of the shape to the group through passing it as a parameter of the constructor as proven below.

Layout Panes

Following are the various Layout panes (classes) provided by JavaFX. These classes exist in the package javafx.scene.layout.

S.No

Shape & Description

1

HBox

The HBox layout arranges all the nodes in our application in a single horizontal row.

The class namedHBoxof the packagejavafx.scene.layoutrepresents the text horizontal box layout.

2

VBox

The VBox layout arranges all the nodes in our application in a single vertical column.

The class namedVBoxof the packagejavafx.scene.layoutrepresents the text Vertical box layout.

3

BorderPane

The Border Pane layout arranges the nodes in our application in top, left, right, bottom and center positions.

The class namedBorderPaneof the packagejavafx.scene.layoutrepresents the border pane layout.

4

StackPane

The stack pane layout arranges the nodes in our application on top of another just like in a stack. The node added first is placed at the bottom of the stack and the next node is placed on top of it.

The class named StackPane of the package javafx.scene.layoutrepresents the stack pane layout.

5

TextFlow

The Text Flow layout arranges multiple text nodes in a single flow.The class named TextFlow of the package javafx.scene.layoutrepresents the text flow layout.

6

AnchorPane

The Anchor pane layout anchors the nodes in our application at a particular distance from the pane.

The class named AnchorPane of the package javafx.scene.layoutrepresents the Anchor Pane layout.

7

TilePane

The Tile Pane layout adds all the nodes of our application in the form of uniformly sized tiles.

The class named TilePane of the package javafx.scene.layoutrepresents the TilePane layout.

8

GridPane

The Grid Pane layout arranges the nodes in our application as a grid of rows and columns. This layout comes handy while creating forms using JavaFX.

The class named GridPane of the package javafx.scene.layoutrepresents the GridPane layout.

9

FlowPane

The flow pane layout wraps all the nodes in a flow. A horizontal flow pane wraps the elements of the pane at its height, while a vertical flow pane wraps the elements at its width.

The class named FlowPane of the package javafx.scene.layoutrepresents the Flow Pane layout.

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