JavaFX presents a entire API with a rich set of classes and interfaces to build GUI programs with rich graphics. The essential packages of this API are −
The following example suggests the architecture of JavaFX API. here you may see the components that assist JavaFX API.
In JavaFX, the GUI applications had been coded using a Scene Graph. A Scene Graph is the starting point of the development of the GUI application. It holds the (GUI) application primitives that are termed as nodes.
A node is a visual/graphical object and it could include −
In general, a set of nodes makes a scene graph. all these nodes are arranged in a hierarchical order as shown below.
Each node inside the scene graph has a single parent, and the node which does not include any parents is known as the root node.
In the same manner, each node has one or more children, and the node without children is called as leaf node; a node with children is called as a branch node.
A node example can be brought to a scene graph only as soon as. The nodes of a scene graph will have results, Opacity, Transforms, event Handlers, event Handlers, application particular States.
Prism is a high performance hardware–accelerated graphical pipeline this is used to render the graphics in JavaFX. it could render both 2-D and 3-D graphics.
To render graphics, a Prism uses −
In case the hardware assist for graphics at the system is not enough, then Prism uses the software render path to method the graphics.
When used with a supported graphic Card or GPU, it gives smoother graphics. simply in case the system does not help a graphic card, then Prism defaults to the software rendering stack (both of the above two).
As the name shows, GWT presents services to control windows, Timers, Surfaces and event Queues. GWT connects the JavaFX Platform to the native operating system.
It is an abstraction over the low-level components of Prism, Glass, Media Engine, and web Engine. It ties Prism and GWT together and makes them available to JavaFX.
Using WebView, you may −
In preferred, using WebView, you can manage web content from Java.
The JavaFX media engine is based on an open-source engine referred to as a Streamer. This media engine helps the playback of video and audio content.
The JavaFX media engine presents assist for audio for the following file formats –
The package javafx.scene.media contains the classes and interfaces to provide media functionality in JavaFX. it is provided in the form of three components, that are −
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