Website Designing - Internet Technologies

What isWebsite Designing?

Web designing has linkage to web site’s visual aspect. It is necessary to communicate ideas effectively.

Website Designing

Web development is a super set of Web designing but these terms are interchangeable.

Key Points

Design Plan should consist the below:

  • Details regarding Information architecture.
  • Structure of site should be planned.
  • A site map of pages


It refers to visual guide to web pages appearance helping in defining the structure of website, linkage between web pages and layout of visual elements.

Below are the things to include in a wireframe:

  • Boxes having primary graphical elements
  • Placing headlines and sub headings correctly.
  • Simple layout structure
  • Calls to action
  • Text blocks
  • Visio is used to create Wireframe, can also use a pen and paper.

Web Designing Tools

Below is the list of tools to make effective web designs:

Coda 2

Coda 2 is designing tool which is powerful in web development. It has better user interface, clips, sites, file management, text editing and better MySql support.


Wireframing is done using OmniGraffle. It has a drawback that is, it doesn’t support interactive prototyping and is only available for Mac.

Pen and Paper

Used in drawing the appearance of a website.


Vim is a great tool for web designing supporting full customizable auto-intending of code, multiple buffers for storing cut/copied code, and recording of actions for automated repetition.


Tool Description


Photoshop CC
This is a great web designing tool provided by Adobe. The latest Photoshop CC 2014 supports many new features such as smart objects, layer comps, smart guides, Typekit integration, font search, and workflow enhancements.


Illustrator CC
Illustrator CC is also a web designing tool comes with powerful features like AutoCad libraries, white overprint, fill and stroke proxy swap for text, automatic corner generation, unembed images and touch type tools etc.




Sublime Text
Sublime Text is a source code editor with Python application programming interface. It's functionality can be extended using plugins.




It is basically used for optimizing images on a website in order to load them faster by finding best compression parameters and by removing unnecessary comments.


Sketch 3
Sketch 3 is a web desiging tool developed specifically for designing interfaces, websites, icons etc.


It is also a great web development tool which supports Ruby, Node.js, Python, java and PHP.


It supports prototyping, documentation, and wireframing tools for making interactive website design.


Hype 2
The Hype 2 offers: Easiest way to Animate & add interactivity, Hardness the power of HTML5, Mobile responsiveness, and WYSIWYG features.


Image Alpha
This tool helps to reduce file sizes of 24-bit PNG files. It does so by applying lossy compression and convert it to PNG8+alpha format which more efficient.


This tool is suitable for non programmers and good only for small projects.


JPEGmini Lite
It is an image optimizing tool and supports photos in any resolution up to 28 Megapixels.


This tool helps to see how the projects is going and what everyone is working on. It also helps to identify issues in development.

Web Page Anatomy

A traditional web site contain the below components:

Containing Block

Container is the top level tag that encompasses other tags. It defines the place to place the contents of a web page.


It is the identity of a website and used in several forms in marketing such as business cards, brouchers, letterhead and etc.


Navigation is placed at the top right corner of the page used to navigate to other pages.


Content should serve the purpose of the web site.


It is located at the bottom of the page. Generally has copyright, contract and legal information and few links

Footer is a place at the bottom of the page, which usually contains the copyright, contract and legal information as well as few links to the main sections of the site.


Whitespace is also known as negative space which refers to any area of page that is not covered by type or illustrations.

Website Designing

Web design Mistakes

One should be aware of the below known common mistakes which needs to be always kept in mind:

  • Website, which does not work in any other browser other internet explorer.
  • Usage of cutting edge technology for no good reason
  • Any Sound or video that starts automatically
  • Unnecessary hidden or disguised navigation
  • 100% flash content.

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