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Gearing up for an interview? Here it is. Microsoft InfoPath is a software application. It is used to design, distribute, fill and submit the electronic forms which contain structured data. It is part of Microsoft 2013. InfoPath 2013 is designed for both advanced business users as well as developers. Without writing code, users can design sophisticated electronic forms to quickly and cost-effectively gather information. This software is available for free in internet. Anyone can download and use it. Basic experience is required for this job and there are many positions. Wisdomjobs has interview questions which are exclusively designed for job seekers to assist them in clearing interviews. InfoPath interview questions are useful for aspirants who want to move to administration side for job.
InfoPath is an XML based electronic forms development product.
Prior to the introduction of Office 2007, the InfoPath client application, like other Office products, had to be installed on every user’s computer.
In order to develop and use a form:
Benefits of Office 2007
This introduced a new server-side runtime to host InfoPath forms known as InfoPath Form Services.
The new capabilities include:
The InfoPath form template (.xsn file) is actually a CAB file [can also be considered a zip file] containing the different component files of which InfoPath is built.
Following are some of the important files contained inside that CAB file:
The .xsl file is the form view file that provides a way to represent different information, depending upon the runtime environment and other factors, including the security profile of end users. They are based on XML stylesheets that can be formatted depending upon the condition. [Conditional formatting is itself an inbuilt property of XSL.]
It is the form schema file of InfoPath. It determines the format of data that InfoPath recognizes.
Data is stored in XML files.
An InfoPath form template is actually a CAB File containing different component files.
Below is a list of files which forms part of an InfoPath template.
When a form template is uploaded using Administrative deployment, the template is stored in the content database of the site. Office Forms Services provide a server-runtime environment for InfoPath Forms Services. While running on the browser, all rules, validations, and calculations are executed in the browser using client-side script.
All business logic is executed on the server. So when a browser requests business logic execution, a post back is executed using low cost XMLHTTP. Formserver.aspx is an InfoPath Forms Services page that accesses the form’s data from the content database and renders it to the client.
The InfoPath Form Services consists of four components that are responsible for rendering the .xsn file on browsers:
Logic Inspector is a tool in InfoPath 2007 that shows all of the code dependencies for the form in a single dialog. Depending on how you access the Logic Inspector, you initially see either the overview pane or both the overview pane and the details pane.
The InfoPath form services server-level configuration elements are located in SharePoint Central Administration.
There are five sections:
This section allows the administrator to perform the following actions:
Quiescing is a process that takes the form templates offline gradually and prevents new sessions from being created. It allows existing sessions to be completed, thereby preventing data loss. When a form template is quiesced by the administrator, the form templates from all the site collections are taken offline.
This page allows an Administrator to configure some of the basic settings for the InfoPath Form Services.
There are so many sections in the page, but the important of them are following:
The InfoPath Form Services can maintain data in two modes:
Points to be noted: The application needs to be associated with the Shared Service Provider.
Session State Service mode [SQL Server database] is recommended for low bandwidth users, as the form view states hamper the performance for low bandwidth. Whereas, Form View can be used for environments with small groups of users.
The administrator can also enter a value for the session data size allowed for Form View State. InfoPath Form Services will automatically revert to Session State Service when session data size exceeds the value associated with the form view mode.
The feature called Office SharePoint Server Enterprise Site Collection Features must be activated within the site collection.
It would require the InfoPath Client Application to be installed.
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