Indian Labour Conference (ILC) and Standing Labour Committee(SLC) have been constituted to suggest ways and means to prevent disputes. The representatives of the workers and employers are nominated to these bodies by the Central Government in consultation with the All-India organizations of workers and employers. The Labour Ministry settles the agenda for ILC/SLC meetings after taking into consideration the suggestions sent to it by member organizations. These two bodies work with minimum procedural rules to facilitate free and fuller discussions among the members. The ILC meets once a year, whereas the SLC meets as and when necessary..
ILC and SLC are both important constituents of tripartite bodies and play a vital role in shaping the IR system of the country.The function of ILC is to advise the Government of India matter referred to it for advice, taking into account suggestions made by the provincial government, the states and representative of the organizations of workers and employers´.The function of SLC is to consider and examine such questions as may be referred to it by the central government and to render advice,taking into account the suggestions made by various governments, workers and employers.
The functions of ILC are
According to the National Commission on Labour these 2bodies have contributed to attainment of the objectives set before them. They have facilitated the enactment of central legislation on various subjects to be made applicable to all the states and union territories in order to promote uniformity in labour legislation.
Tripartite deliberations have helped reached consensus on statutory wage fixation, introduction of a health insurance scheme, enactment of the Standing Employment Order Act1946,, Industrial Disputes Act 1947, Minimum Wages Act1948, Employees· State Insurance Act 1948, Provident Fund Scheme 1950, The Mines Act 1952 etc.
Other subjects processed by tripartite bodies are workers education, workers participation in management, training, wage policy, Code of Discipline, criteria and procedures for the recognition of unions. Though the recommendation of tripartite bodies is of advisory nature, they carry considerable weight with the government, workers and employers, A detailed account of various resolutions adopted by the ILC’s in their last two sessions is presented here:
The 30th Session of the ILC was held on September 7-8, 1993 at New Delhi. After deliberations,it arrived at the following conclusions4.
This session of I.L.C was held at Delhi on 3rd-4th January 1995.In this session various problems of industrial relations in the context of changed economic environment were discussed. The various resolutions adopted at the said conference are as under.
The 31st session of S.L.C was held in New Delhi on July 25, 1992. The Committee arrived at the following conclusions:
The thirty second session of the Standing Labour Committee was held in New Delhi on October 27, 1994. It discussed various issues concerning employment, vocational training, child labour, bonded labour, labour standards and international trade. It adopted three important resolutions discussed below:
Committee on Conventions:
Once a country has ratified an ILO convention,it is obliged to report regularly on measures it has taken to implement it. The government must submit reports regularly detailing the steps they have taken in law and practice to apply any of the conventions they may have ratified. Governments are required to submit copies of their reports to employers· and workers· organizations. These organizations may comment on the governments· reports; they may also send comments on the application of conventions directly to the ILO.Committee in Conventions is a three-man tripartite committee set up in 1954. The object was To examine the ILO conventions and recommendations which have not so far been ratified by India.To make suggestions with regard to a phased and speedy implementation of ILO standards.
It is generally composed of eminent jurists appointed by the Governing Body for three-year terms. The Experts come from different geographic regions,legal systems and cultures. The Committee's role is to provide an impartial and technical evaluation of the state of application of international labour standards.When examining the application of international labour standards the Committee of Experts makes two kinds of comments: observations and direct requests.Observations contain comments on fundamental questions raised by the application of a particular convention by a state. These observations are published in the Committee's annual report.
Direct requests relate to more technical questions or requests for further information. They are not published in the report but are communicated directly to the governments concerned. The Committee's annual report consists of three parts. Part I contains a General Report, which includes comments about member states' respect for their Constitutional obligations and highlights from the Committee's observations Part II contains the observations on the application of international labour standards Part III is a General Survey.
Industrial Committees are tripartite bodies where the number of workers· representatives are equal to the employers· representatives. These were set up to discuss various specific problems special to the industries covered by them and suggest ways to overcome them. These committees provide a forum for the discussion of proposals for legislation and other matters connected with the labour policy and administration before they brought before the legislature.
It was set up in 1956 and consists of representatives of state government, employers, workers and an economist.Its functions were
It encouraged the productivity in the country and consists of the government, employers associations, labourers association & organizations and independent experts.
This is setup to ensure proper implementation of labour awards, agreements and Code of Discipline. It consists of 4 representatives each of central employers· and workers organizations with union labour minister as chairman
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