Tripartism’s contribution to Bipartism - Industrial Relations Management

Tripartite consultations and agreements can exercise profound influence in directing and shaping collective bargaining and industrial relations. The three-tier frame work of industrial relations proposed by Kochan, (1987) suggests a direct and active role for tripartite consultation at macro level, to be reinforced by bipartite consultations, collective bargaining, communication, information sharing, and employee participation at industry and firm/plant level.

Whether it was the arrangements for the avoidance/settlement of disputes, procedures for recognition of unions, grievance redressals, consultations and cooperation at work place, or collective bargaining on a host of matters relating to industrial relations and human resources, tripartite initiatives played a substantial role in setting up internationallabour standards, enactment of national legislations, and conclusion of national agreements. In the Indian context, for instance, the following tripartite declaration played a useful role, at least for a number of years, in influencing bipartite relations and agreements relating to union recognition, automation, and modernization.

  1. Code of discipline,
  2. Code of Conduct,
  3. Automation Without Tears.

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