The chief labour Commissioner’s organization has the responsibility to enforce the Industrial Disputes Act, 1948, the Payment of Wages Act, 1936 and Rules in respect of Mines, Railways and Air Transport Services , the Minimum Wages act ,1948, the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970, the Equal Remuneration Act , 1976, the Interstate Migrant Workmen (RE&CS) act,1979, payment of bonus act 1965, Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Ac t , 1986, Payment of gratuity act,1972 , Labour laws Act, 1988, Building and other construction workers (RE&CS) Act, 1996, Indian Railway Act and Hours ofEmployment Regulations for Railway employees, industrial employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946, and the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 (Mines and circus rules, 1963) for organizations where the central government is the appropriate government. The Central Provident fund commissioner enforces the Employees Provident Fund Act. The director general , employees state Insurance Corporation enforces the ESI Act
The Organisation of the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) known as (CIRM) was set up in April 1945, in pursuance of the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Labour in India with the specific duty of preventing and settling industrial disputes, enforcing labour laws and promoting the welfare of workers in the undertakings falling in the sphere of the central government. Combining the former Organisation of conciliation officers (Railways), Supervisors of Railway Labour and the Labour Welfare Advisors, it started with a small complement of staff, compromising the chief labour Commissioner (Central) at New Delhi, 3 regional labour commissioners (central) at Bombay, Calcutta and Lahore, 8 Conciliation Officers and 18 Labour Inspectors. As a consequence of the increase in the number of labour laws, and the number of industrial establishments, the responsibilities of the Organisation have increased enormously, and the number of officers too has increased.