An IR Strategy is an expression of an enterprise’s capacity to develop and implement a sound industrial relations management plan which ensures that industrial relations issues and risks are identified, assessed and managed. The IR Strategy should demonstrate the integration of industrial relations requirements with the normal procedures, practices and performance standards of the enterprise.
It involves an enterprise:
Factors Affecting Employee Relations Strategy:
Two sets of factors, internal as well as external, influence an IR strategy.
The internal factors are:
The external factors affecting IR strategy are:
IR - STRATEGIES
Unions have a crucial role to play in IR. Unions have broad objectives which are:'
The union power is exerted primarily at two levels-at the industry level, to establish joint regulation on basic wages and hours with an employer's association or its equivalent; and at the plant level, where the shop stewards' organizations exercise joint control over some aspects of the organization of the work and localized terms and conditions of employment.' Unions arc a party to national, local and plant level agreements which govern their actions to a greater or lesser extent, depending on their power, and on local circumstances (read the next chapter for more details on unions).
Employers too, are directly involved in any dispute between them and the employees. Employers are endowed with certain inalienable rights vis-a-vis labor. The management has the right to hire and fire any worker, Not withstanding union restrictions. It is not just firing a worker here or there, but the management' s ability to control the economic destiny of the workers that matters The management has the right to relocate, close , merge, takeover or sell a particular plant- these actions affect workers' interests. The management has another powerful weapon-introducing or threatening to use technological change. Technological change can displace labour or annihilate skills.
Armed with these rights, the management resorts to several tactics to break a strike, some of them even unethical. The management is known to adopt dubious means to forego a strike, call off a strike, or tone down union demands. The management often breaks a powerful union, sets one faction against another, and favours the more satisfied and the less militant workers. Loyal workers from sister concerns arc brought in. on the pretext of a factory visit, and are induced into the plant and advised to break the strike
Grievance procedure is a formal communication between an employee and the management designed for the settlement of a grievance. The grievance procedures differ from organization to organization.
The 15th session of Indian Labor Conference held in 1957 emphasized the need of an established grievance procedure for the country which would be acceptable to unions as well as to management. In the 16th session of Indian Labor Conference, a model for grievance procedure was drawn up. This model helps in creation of grievance machinery. According to it, workers’ representatives are to be elected for a department or their union is to nominate them. Management has to specify the persons in each department who are to be approached first and the departmental heads who are supposed to be approached in the second step. The Model Grievance Procedure specifies the details of all the steps that are to be followed while redressing grievances.These steps are:
STEP 1:In the first step the grievance is to be submitted to departmental representative, who is a representative of management. He has to give his answer within 48 hours.
STEP 2:If the departmental representative fails to provide a solution, the aggrieved employee can take his grievance to head of the department, who has to give his decision within 3 days.
STEP 3:If the aggrieved employee is not satisfied with the decision of departmental head, he can take the grievance to Grievance Committee. The Grievance Committee makes its recommendations to the manager within 7 days in the form of a report. The final decision of the management on the report of Grievance Committee must be communicated to the aggrieved employee within three days of the receipt of report. An appeal for revision of final decision can be made by the worker if he is not satisfied with it. The management must communicate its decision to the worker within 7 days.
STEP 4:If the grievance still remains unsettled, the case may be referred to voluntary arbitration.
The draft Model Grievance procedure, accepted by the labour conference in 1958, is as follows.
Maintenance of harmonious human relations in an organization depends upon the promotion and maintenance of discipline. No organization can prosper without discipline. Discipline has been a matter of utmost concern for all organizations. Maintenance of effective discipline in an organization ensures the most economical and optimum utilization of various resources including human resources. Thus, the objective of discipline in an organization is to increase and maintain business efficiency. Effective discipline is a sign of sound human and industrial relations and organizational health.
The different approaches to discipline include,
The employee is treated as human being and his acts of indiscipline will be dealt from the viewpoint of values, aspirations, problems, needs, goals behavior etc. Under human relations approach the employee is helped to correct his deviations. The employee is treated as a resource and the acts of indiscipline are dealt by considering the failure in the areas of development, maintenance and utilization of human resources under the human resources approach. The group as a whole sets the standards of discipline, and punishments for the deviations. The individual employees are awarded punishment for their violation under the group discipline approach. Every superior administer the rules of discipline and guides, trains and controls the subordinates regarding disciplinary rules under the leadership approach.
In Judicial approach, in disciplinary cases are dealt on the basis of legislation and court decisions. The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946, to a certain extent, prescribed the correct procedure that should be followed before awarding punishment to an employee in India. No other enactment prescribed any procedure for dealing with disciplinary problems. But over a period of time, a number of principles regarding the basic formalities to be observed in disciplinary procedures emerged, gradually resulting from the awards of several Industrial Tribunals, High Courts and the Supreme Court. Principles of Natural Justice.
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Industrial Relations Management Related Practice Tests
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Industrial Relations Management Tutorial
Introduction Of Industrial Relation Management
Concept And Determinants Of Industrial Relations And Its Position In India
Managing Industrial Relations Changes, Industrial Relations And Productivity
Changing Technology, Effective Communication And I.r Management Structure
Indian Culture, Industrial Relation International Labour Organization
Trade Union Legislation
Multiplicity Of Trade Unions
Industrial Relation Management And Management Of Trade Union
Ir Strategies - A Discussion
Worker Development And Worker’s Participation
Grievance Handling Machinery
Collective Bargaining – An Overview
Collective Bargaining In India
Collective Agreements In India
International Labour Organisation And Labour Council &constitutional Provisions
Labour Administration Machinery Of The Central Government
Industrial Relations And Its Contemporary Trends
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