Industrial Relations And Its Contemporary Trends Introduction - Industrial Relations Management

The concept of industrial relations means the relationship between employees and management in the day-to-day working of industry. But the concept has a wide meaning. When taken in the wider sense, industrial relations is a set of functional interdependence involving historical, economic, social, psychological demographic, technological, occupational, political and legal variables.

According to Dale Yoder, industrial relations is a whole field of relationship that exists because of the necessary collaboration of men and women in the employment process of an industry.

According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), Industrial Relations deal with either the relationship between the state and employers and workers organizations or the relation between the occupational organization and themselves. The concept of industrial relations has been extended to denote the relations of the state with employers, workers, and their organizations. The subject therefore includes individual relations and joint consultations between employers and work people at their work place, collective relations between employers and their organizations and trade unions and part played by the State in regulating these relations.

Analysis of the Definitions

The analysis of the definitions on industrial provides on the following points.

  1. Industrial relations are the relations mainly between employees and employers.
  2. Industrial relations are the outcome of the practice of human resources management and employment relations.
  3. These relations emphasis on accommodating other party interest, values and needs. Parties develop skills of adjusting to and cooperating with each other.
  4. Industrial relations are governed by the system of rules and regulations concerning work, work place and working community.
  5. The main purpose is to maintain harmonious relations between employees and employers by solving their problems through grievance procedure and collective bargaining.
  6. The government influences and shapes industrial relations through industrial relations policies, rules, agreements, mediation, awards, acts etc.
  7. Trade Unions is another important institution in the industrial relations. Trade unions influence and shape the industrial relations through collective bargaining.

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