Industrial relations is used to denote the collective relationships between management and the workers. Traditionally, the term industrial relations is used to cover such aspects of industrial life as trade unionism, collective bargaining, workers’ participation in management, discipline and grievance handling, industrial disputes and interpretation of labor laws and rules and code of conduct.
In the words of Lester, "Industrial relations involve attempts at arriving at solutions between the conflicting objectives and values; between the profit motive and social gain; between discipline and freedom, between authority and industrial democracy; between bargaining and co-operation; and between conflicting interests of the individual, the group and the community.
The National Commission on Labor (NCL) also emphasize on the same concept. According to NCL, industrial relations affect not merely the interests of the two participants- labor and management, but also the economic and social goals to which the State addresses itself. To regulate these relations in socially desirable channels is a function, which the State is in the best position to perform.
In fact, industrial relation encompasses all such factors that influence behavior of people at work. A few such important factors are below:
Institution:It includes government, employers, trade unions, union federations or associations, government bodies, labor courts, tribunals and other organizations which have direct or indirect impact on the industrial relations systems.
Characters:It aims to study the role of workers unions and employers’ federations officials, shop stewards, industrial relations officers/ manager, mediator/conciliators / arbitrator, judges of labor court, tribunal etc.
Methods:Methods focus on collective bargaining, workers’ participation in the industrial relations schemes, discipline procedure, grievance redressal machinery, dispute settlements machinery working of closed shops, union reorganization, organizations of protests through methods like revisions of existing rules, regulations, policies, procedures, hearing of labor courts, tribunals etc.
Contents:It includes matter pertaining to employment conditions like pay, hours of works, leave with wages, health, and safety disciplinary actions, lay-off, dismissals retirements etc.,laws relating to such activities, regulations governing labor welfare, social security, industrial relations, issues concerning with workers’ participation in management, collective bargaining, etc.
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Industrial Relations Management Tutorial
Introduction Of Industrial Relation Management
Concept And Determinants Of Industrial Relations And Its Position In India
Managing Industrial Relations Changes, Industrial Relations And Productivity
Changing Technology, Effective Communication And I.r Management Structure
Indian Culture, Industrial Relation International Labour Organization
Trade Union Legislation
Multiplicity Of Trade Unions
Industrial Relation Management And Management Of Trade Union
Ir Strategies - A Discussion
Worker Development And Worker’s Participation
Grievance Handling Machinery
Collective Bargaining – An Overview
Collective Bargaining In India
Collective Agreements In India
International Labour Organisation And Labour Council &constitutional Provisions
Labour Administration Machinery Of The Central Government
Industrial Relations And Its Contemporary Trends
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