Evolution of Tripartite Bodies - Industrial Relations Management

The Whitley Commission,in 1931, recommended a body be set up to look into the needs for consultation on labour matters.It envisaged a statutory organization which should ensure adequate representation of the various interests involved: employers,labour and government. They recommended that labour members should be elected by registered trade unions and employers· representatives should be elected by their association. They should meet regularly.

It was only after the 4th Labour Conference held in 1942 that permanent tripartite collaboration machinery was set up Indian Labour Conference(ILC) and Standing Labour Committee (SLC)

Initially the ILC consisted of 44 members whereas the SLC was about half the size of the ILC. The pattern of representation was governed by the obtaining in the International Labour Conference. It ensured:

  1. Equality of representation between the government and the non-government representatives;
  2. Parity between employers and workers;
  3. Nomination of representatives of organized employers and labourers was left to the concerned organizations; and
  4. Representation of certain interests (unorganized employers and unorganized workers), where necessary, on an adhoc basis through nomination by government. The delegates are free to bring one official and one non-official adviser with them.

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