A strike is a very powerful weapon used by trade unions and other labor associations to get their demands accepted. It generally involves quitting of work by a group of workers for the purpose of bringing the pressure on their employer so that their demands get accepted. When workers collectively cease to work in a particular industry, they are said to be on strike. According to industrial disputes act of India 1947, a strike is “a cessation of work by a body of persons employed in an industry acting in combination; or a concerted refusal or any number of persons who are or who have been so employed to continue to work or accept employment; or a refusal under a common understanding of any number of such persons to continue to work or to accept employment”. This definition throws light on a few aspects of a strike. Firstly, a strike is a referred to as stoppage of work by a group of workers employed in a particular industry. Secondly, it also includes the refusal of a number of employees to continue work under their employer.
In a strike, a group of workers agree to stop working to protest against something they think is unfair where they work. Labors withhold their services in order to pressurize their employment or government to meet their demands.Demands made by strikers can range from asking for higher wages or better benefits to seeking changes in the workplace environment. Strikes sometimes occur so that employers listen more carefully to the workers and address their problems.
Causes of strikes:
Strikes can occur because of the following reasons:
A lockout is a work stoppage in which an employer prevents employees from working. It is declared by employers to put pressure on their workers. This is different from a strike, in which employees refuse to work. Thus, a lockout is employers’ weapon while a strike is raised on part of employees.Acc to Industrial Disputes Act 1947, lock-out means the temporary closing of a place of employment or the suspension of work or refusal by an employer to continue to employ any number of persons employed to him. A lockout may happen for several reasons. When only part of a trade union votes to strike, the purpose of a lockout is to put pressure on a union by reducing the number of members who are able to work.
For example, if a group of the workers strike so that the work of the rest of the workers becomes impossible or less productive, the employer may declare a lockout until the workers end the strike. Another case in which an employer may impose a lockout is to avoid slowdowns or intermittent work-stoppages.Occupation of factories has been the traditional method of response to lock-outs by the workers' movement.
Means, failure, refusal or inability of an employer on account of shortage of fuel power or raw materials, or the accumulation of stock or the breakdown of machinery to give employment to a workman whose name is on the master rells of his industrial establishment and who has not been retrenched. It is a short term removal of workers. The essentials of a lay off are failure refusal in ability of the employers to give work The employees must be permanent in nature at the time of lay off .The failure to give work should be due to reason beyond his powers like
The workman must not have been retrenched
Retrenchment section of 1.D Act means termination of the services of a workman by employer for any reason whatsoever otherwise them as a punishment inflicted by way of disciplinary action, but does not include,
Essentials of retrenchment
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