Collective Agreements In India Introduction - Industrial Relations Management

Generally, there are four important methods of collective bargaining, namely, negotiation, mediation, conciliation and arbitration for the settlement of trade disputes. In this context R. F. Hoxie said that arbitration is often provided for in collective bargaining under certain contingencies and for certain purposes, ally when the parties cannot reach agreement, and in the interpretation of an agreement through negotiation. Conciliation is a term often applied to the art of collective bargaining, a term often applied to the action of public board which attempts to induce collective bargaining. Mediation is the intervention usually uninvited, of some out-side person or body with a view of getting conciliation or to force a settlement, compulsory arbitration is extreme mediation. All these things are aids or supplements to collective bargaining where it breaks down. They represent the intervention of outside parties.

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