Are you efficient in coordinating and executing the plans in your work place? Are you a person willing to have challenging career opportunities then log on to wisdom jobs online site and get into industrial management sector. Industrial Management means the branch of engineering that deals with the creation and management of systems that integrate people and materials and energy in productive ways. It comprises those fields of business administration that are necessary for the success of companies within the manufacturing sector and the encompassing services. There is a scope of work in material technology, electronics sectors, manufacturing sectors, process engineer etc. So, grab the opportunity in the industrial sector and enhance your management skills by looking over Industrial Management job interview question and answers given below.
Industrial management is the study about the relationship among employees and management. It deals with the matters related to individual or group of employees and employer and how they work to maximize productive activities.
The main objectives of industrial management are:
The responsibilities of a production manager can be summarized as follows:
Corrective maintenance can be defined as a maintenance work that is carried out to identify, isolate, and rectify a fault and get back to the operational condition. It involves the maintenance of failed equipment, machine, or asset that can be restored for in-service operations.
Preventive maintenance can be the care and service provided to the equipment by qualified personnel through systematic inspection, detection, and correction of incipient failures either before they occur or before they develop into major defects. It involves tests, measurements, adjustments, and parts replacement, performed specifically to prevent faults from occurring.
Predictive Maintenance is a method where the prediction is made on the service life of important part based on inspection or diagnosis. This is done in order to make an effective use of these parts to the limit of their service life.
Shutdown Maintenance means that people wait until equipment fails and repair it. Such a thing could be used when the equipment failure does not significantly affect the operation or production or generate any significant loss other than repair cost.
ISO 9001 2008 is a certification carried out through the following steps:
Classifying the methods of manufacturing process is possible but it depends on the type of industry.
These can be as follows:
Batch production is a technique that is used in manufacturing of the object created in successive stages over a series of workstations. They also make different batches of products.
Job production (one-off production) and flow production (continuous production) is one of the three main production methods.
Job production is a technique where products are individually made and each item is completed along with finishing work before the next one is started. For an example- job production technique is used for designer dresses.
Batch production is a technique where groups of products are made together. Here they complete the work of each batch before starting with the next set of goods. For example- production of 50 loaves of bread is done in one set and the next 50 is started after they complete the first 50.
Formula- Total of direct material cost+ Total of labor cost+ overhead expenses will arrive you to the cost of a product.
Mass production includes production of items on large scale. It employs very specialized machines and processes and items like metal screws and plastic products are made in mass production.
Flow production involves production of items like air conditioner, TV sets and motorcycles and there is a continuous and steady flow of material.
Various characteristics are:
Production planning is the most important activity for any enterprise because other functional areas of management i.e. financing, marketing, personnel revolve around it. Production planning involves plans related to transforming raw material into finished product.
Production planning is concerned with the fixing of production goals and to estimate the resources which are required to achieve these goals effectively and efficiently without wasting the resources.
Production Control involves activities such as handling materials, parts, assemblies, and sub-assemblies carrying out the process from raw or initial stage to the finished product stage in an organized and efficient manner.
It may also include activities such as planning, scheduling, routing, dispatching, storage, etc.
Essential steps in production control are:
Push System deals with the manufacturing system of production that is based on a projected production plan. Here the information flows from management to the market in the same direction in which the materials flow.
Pull system deals with the manufacturing system of production that is based on actual daily demand (sales). In this the information flows from market to management in a direction opposite to that in push systems.
Aggregate planning strategies include :
This process of working out production requirements for a medium range is called aggregate planning.
Level strategy in business provides detail actions that are taken to provide value to customers by achieving above average returns. It is related with the firm's position in the industry that is relative to competitors and to the five forces of competition.
Chase strategy is used by the company to produce only those goods that are required to meet or exactly match the demand for goods.
For an example- In a restaurant, meals are prepared only when a customer orders. They match the actual production with customer demand.
Just-In-Time means producing only what is required to increase efficiency and decrease wastage. It is a management philosophy that aims at eliminating waste from every aspect of manufacturing and its related activities.
Kanban is a technique used in a software development process management in a highly economical way. It supports Toyota's "just-in-time" (JIT) production system.
Advantages of Kanban system:- It helps in optimizing inventories and prevents it from getting obsolete.
CPA stands for Critical Path Analysis - a method that includes all the activities that are required to complete a task, estimating the time it will take to complete each activity and the relationships between the activities.
It helps in forecasting whether a project can be completed on time without making any delay in the delivery.
Steps involved in the process of Critical Path Analysis:
PERT stands for Program Evaluation and Review Technique and is a widely used management planning and control tool for large-scale projects. It identifies critical activities on which others depend.
In the mid 1800s the Parliamentary Acts that was formulated to tackle the polluting effects of industrial and domestic smoke. The most important concern that occurred with the development was the intensive use of hydrocarbon fuels: coal, oil and natural gas.
Impact on environment:
Financial management is important in every organization. It is equally important in industrial management to manage everything in an industry starting from raw materials to man power finance is required.
If an industry reaches its organizational goal that too effectively and efficiently without any wastage, it means financial management was proper in the organization.
Workforce Development- Making plans for the management of employees even before you hire them. Job description is pre- defined for each position that you intend to hire for. They monitor employees development and progress based on their role.
Growth Management- Management technique includes the management of growth that is characterized by an increase in revenue, employee population, number of locations. Growth techniques are judged by assessing competition, looking at historical data on sales in various target markets, projecting changes in target markets and comparing available resources.
Personnel Management- Employees performance depends on the kind of motivation they get from their managers. So, managers use several different techniques to motivate their employees to improve production and achieve company goals.
Levels of maintenance are industry specific, so you need to study the levels of that particular industry whose interview you are appearing for. Like automobile industry, electrical industry, construction industry, aviation industry, etc all have different levels of maintenance.
The most common levels are organizational and intermediate levels.
Organizational Maintenance is concerned with the swapping of parts and boxes, cleaning and corrosion control, and changing fluids.
Intermediate Maintenance is concerned with testing and repairing of the boxes, engines, etc.
Below mentioned are the strategies that are followed by most of the stores manager to control inventory:
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Introduction Of Industrial Relation Management
Concept And Determinants Of Industrial Relations And Its Position In India
Managing Industrial Relations Changes, Industrial Relations And Productivity
Changing Technology, Effective Communication And I.r Management Structure
Indian Culture, Industrial Relation International Labour Organization
Trade Union Legislation
Industrial Relation Management And Management Of Trade Union
Ir Strategies - A Discussion
Worker Development And Worker’s Participation
Grievance Handling Machinery
Collective Bargaining – An Overview
Collective Bargaining In India
Collective Agreements In India
International Labour Organisation And Labour Council &constitutional Provisions
Labour Administration Machinery Of The Central Government
Industrial Relations And Its Contemporary Trends
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