Indian Polity Political Parties - Indian Polity

What are Indian Polity Political Parties?

Introduction

  • Indian administration framework hosts multi-get-together framework and the political gatherings are classified as −
    • National Political Party;
    • State or Regional (level) Political Party.
  • The acknowledgment and status of political gatherings are assessed and approved by the Election Commission of India
political_parties

Eligibility of National Political Party

  • In any case, to be qualified for a 'National Political Party of India,' the Election Commission has set the accompanying criteria −
    • It secures no less than six percent of the substantial votes surveyed in any at least four states, at a general race to the House of the People or, to the State Legislative Assembly; and
    • Likewise, it wins no less than four seats in the House of the People from any State or States.

Or then again

  • It wins no less than two percent situated in the House of the People (i.e., 11 situated in the current House having 543 individuals), and these individuals are chosen from no less than three distinct States.

Eligibility of State Political Party

  • To be qualified for a 'State Political Party,' the Election Commission has set the accompanying criteria −
    • It secures no less than six percent of the substantial votes surveyed in the State at a general decision, either to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned; and
    • Moreover, it wins no less than two seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned.
    • Or on the other hand
    • It wins no less than three percent (3%) of the aggregate number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State, or possibly three seats in the Assembly, whichever is more.
  • The accompanying table shows the real National Political Parties of India –
Political Party Name Abbreviation Founded in Current Leader
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Sonia Gandhi
Communist Party of India CPI 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI -M 1964 Sitaram Yechury
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Amit Shah
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1985 Mayavati

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