Widows and orphans are normally tragic subjects, but CSS has provided developers an opportunity to reduce their impact. A widow is the number of lines at the top of a page. It can be unsightly if there is, for example, just one sentence at the top of a page before a section break. An orphan is similar, except it occurs at the end of a page. Again, it can be unsightly if a section or paragraph starts at the very end of
This page improves upon the page breaking in Figures.
a page and the page break results in only a line or two of text at the very end of the page. One way to help control widows and orphans is through page-breaks. This is especially true since the two CSS properties that are relevant to widows and orphans, respectively named, conveniently enough, widow and orphan, have virtually no browser support beyond Opera.
Both of these properties have similar syntax:widow: 4; orphan: 3;
You name the property, then supply the value, which can either be an integer or theexplicit value inherit, the latter of which means the element named in the style rule inherits the properties of its parent. The following sets a p element’s widow to a minimum of three lines. This means that the bottom of the page must have a minimum of three lines when printing:<p STYLE=“orphans: 3”>This paragraph must not be on the top of a page by itself if it doesn’t consist of at least three lines.</p>
If it doesn’t, the entire block must be moved to the next page.
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Introducing The Web And Html
What Goes Into A Web Page?
Starting Your Web Page
Lines, Line Breaks, And Paragraphs
Page Layout With Tables
Introducing Cascading Style Sheets
Creating Style Rules
Padding, Margins, And Borders
Colors And Backgrounds
Tables Table Styles
Defining Pages For Printing
Dynamic Html With Css
Introduction To Server-side Scripting
Introduction To Database-driven Web Publishing
Creating A Weblog
Introduction To Xml
Xml Processing And Implementations
Testing And Validating Your Documents
Choosing A Service Provider
Uploading Your Site With Ftp
Publicizing Your Site And Building Your Audience
Maintaining Your Site
The Web Development Process
Developing And Structuring Content
Designing For Usability And Accessibility
Designing For An International Audience
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