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Answer :BIND uses /etc/named.conf as its main configuration file, the /etc/rndc.conf file as the configuration file for name server control utility rndc, and the /var/named/ directory for zone files and the like.
Answer :BIND stands for Berkeley Internet Name Domain which is the most commonly used Domain Name System (DNS) server on the Internet.
Answer :A DNS server, or name server, is used to resolve an IP address to a hostname or vice versa.
Answer :DNS servers use port 53 by default. Incoming and outgoing packets should be allowed onport 53. Also allow connections on port 921 if you configure a lightweight resolver server.The DNS control utility, rndc, connects to the DNS server with TCP port 953 by default. Ifyou are running rndc on the name server, connections on this TCP port from localhostshould be allowed. If you are running rndc on additional systems, allow connections toport 953 (or whatever port you have chosen to configure) from these additional systems.
Answer :Round robin DNS is usually used for balancing the load of geographically distributed Web servers. For example, a company has one domain name and three identical home pages residing on three servers with three different IP addresses. When one user accesses the home page it will be sent to the first IP address. The second user who accesses the home page will be sent to the next IP address, and the third user will be sent to the third IP address. In each case, once the IP address is given out, it goes to the end of the list. The fourth user, therefore, will be sent to the first IP address, and so forth.
Answer :A name server keeps information for the translation of domain names to IP addresses and IP addresses to domain names. The name server is a program that performs the translation at the request of a resolver or another name server.
Answer :Primary name server/primary master is the main data source for the zone. It is the authoritative server for the zone. This server acquires data about its zone from databases saved on a local disk. The primary server must be published as an authoritative name server for the domain in the SOA resource record, while the primary master server does not need to be published.
Answer :Secondary name server/slave name server acquires data about the zone by copying the data from the primary name server (respectively from the master server) at regular time intervals. It makes no sense to edit these databases on the secondary name servers, although they are saved on the local server disk because they will be rewritten during further copying.
Answer :Root name server is an authoritative name server for the root domain (for the dot). Each root name server is a primary server, which differentiates it from other name servers.
Answer :Stealth name server is a secret server. This type of name server is not published anywhere. It is only known to the servers that have its IP address statically listed in their configuration. It is an authoritative server. It acquires the data for the zone with the help of a zone transfer. It can be the main server for the zone. Stealth servers can be used as a local backup if the local servers are unavailable.
Answer :Information on domain names and their IP addresses, as well as all the other information distributed via DNS is stored in the memory of name servers as Resource Records (RR).
Answer :Time to live. A 32-bit number indicating the time the particular RR can be kept valid in a server cache. When this time expires, the record has to be considered invalid. The value 0 keeps nonauthoritative servers from saving the RR to their cache memory.
Answer :A, NS, CNAME, SOA, PTR, MX.
The Start of Authority (SOA) record determines the name server that is an authoritative source of information for the particular domain. There is always only one SOA record in the file, and it is placed at the beginning of the file of authoritative resource records.
Answer :A (Address) records assign IP addresses to domain names of computers. The IP address cannot have a dot at the end.
Answer :Synonyms to domain names can be created using CNAME records. This is often referred to as 'creating aliases for computer names'.
Answer :HINFO and TXT records are for information only. An HINFO record has two items in its data part. The first item is information about hardware, and the second one is information about software. A TXT record contains a general data string in its data part.Example :test.com IN SOA ......mail IN A 188.8.131.52IN HINFO My_Server UNIXIN TXT my server.
Answer :MX records specify the mailing server of the domain. An MX record shows to which computer a mail of a particular domain should be sent. The MX record also includes a priority number, which can be used to determine several computers where the mail for the domain can be sent. The first attempt is to deliver the mail to the computer with the highest priority (lowest value). If this attempt fails, the mail goes to the next computer (with a higher priority value), and so on.test.com IN SOA ......mail test.com IN SOA ......mail IN A 184.108.40.206 IN HINFO AlphaServer UNIX IN TXT my server IN MX 30 mail2.nextstep4it.com IN MX 20 mail3.nextstep4it.com IN MX 10 mail2.nextstep4it.com
Answer :A Pointer Record (PTR) is used to translate an IP address into a domain name.
Answer :Dynamic DNS a method of keeping a domain name linked to a changing IP address as not all computers use static IP addresses. Typically, when a user connects to the Internet, the user's ISP assigns an unused IP address from a pool of IP addresses, and this address is used only for the duration of that specific connection. This method of dynamically assigning addresses extends the usable pool of available IP addresses. A dynamic DNS service provider uses a special program that runs on the user's computer, contacting the DNS service each time the IP address provided by the ISP changes and subsequently updating the DNS database to reflect the change in IP address.
The named-checkconf utility checks the syntax of the named.conf configuration file.
Syntax: named-checkconf [-t directory] [filename]
The named-checkzone utility checks the syntax and consistency of the zone file.
Syntax: named-checkzone [-dgv] [-c class] zone [filename]
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