Data is nothing but a collection of facts, concepts, or instructions given to the computer where it is stored in the memory in an organized manner. They have different storage capacities. Data that is given by the user should be suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing by human or electronic machine.
Data is represented with the help of characters such as alphabets (A-Z, a-z), digits (0-9) or special characters (+,-,/,*,<,>,= etc.)
Information is an organized or classified data, which has some meaningful information for the receiver. When you enter information in to the computer it is stored and defined as data where later on this information is processed and comes out as output data called information.
For the decision to be meaningful, the processed data must qualify for the following characteristics −
Data processing is the re-structuring or formatting of data by people or machine to increase their efficiency and add values for a particular purpose. Data processing consists of the following basic steps - input, processing, and output. These three steps constitute the data processing cycle.
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