Basically career development comprises of some of the elements. The elements are -
By Career planning, the employees equip themselves with skills for development by using the resources and opportunities that are being available in the organization. But joining a particular company should be a part of career planning, in the sense that career planning should be done prior to joining the company.
There are five different stages of Career Development Planning. They are -
Self assessment involves the practice of reviewing the strengths, weaknesses, personal interest and priorities of oneself. By self assessment the possibility of the career growth within the organization can be determined. Self assessment also provides an idea about the areas for improvement and the required skill set for climbing the ladder vertically in the organizational hierarchy.
Self-assessment on the other hand also helps the people looking out for jobs, to identify the opportunities. Self-assessment also helps in setting the future goals and plans for achieving the goals.
On completion of the self assessment, the career opportunities for a person need to be identified. In this step, in order to reach the specific career, all the steps to be followed are to be outlined. The steps also include the technical knowledge of the person, whether the technical knowledge of a person is good enough for job opportunity.
The next task for the person who is searching out a job is to trace out any one from his contacts who can help him in offering an opportunity. In this step, an employee will assess the goals which make him understand the goals that have been achieved and that are yet to be achieved.
Organizations provide an opportunity for the employees for self-assessment by performing annual appraisals of the employees. In such cases, it is on the employee to prove to the organization about his contribution towards organization growth.
All the different available career opportunities have to be identified what are the different knowledge and skill sets required for the job opted is being determined at this stage. By collecting the information from different sources such as friends, colleagues, co-workers etc., research is being conducted to identify the best possible way that best suites the candidate.
The candidates seeking for a job identify some of the job placement centers and place post their profiles. These placement centers provide some of the inputs to the job seekers such as the qualifications and skill set that a employers are looking out for.
At this stage, the goals are being set after performing the self-assessment and identifying the different career opportunities, an individual has to take decisions related to the long-term prospects with the organization. The options have to be checked on a regular basis.
In most of the cases, the candidate looks out for the opportunities that are being customized as per his personal skills, abilities and personal interests. In other words, there should be specified goals which can be measured and can be reachable.
All the steps that are being essential for achieving the goals are included in Action Planning. Some of such steps include additional training, acquiring specific managerial skills. Here the candidate has to communicate a lot with the senior employees of the organisation. As the senior employees are the people who have information about the different dynamics which can be shared to other employees.
Evaluation of the performance or progress of the employee is considered as the last step the process of career development planning. The performance evaluation helps in identifying the strength and weakness of the person and the areas of improvement.
Periodic performance evaluation helps in evolving of the skills on a continuous basis and facilitates in acquiring knowledge on different functions of the organization.
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