Banking Interview Questions & Answers

Banking Interview Questions & Answers
  1. What Is Rtgs And Neft?

    Answer :

    RTGS: Real Time Gross Settlement.

    NEFT: National Electronic Fund Transfer.

    These two are the two methods through which funds can be transferred from one bank to another bank.

  2. What Is The ‘cost Of Debt’?

    Answer :

    When any company borrows funds, from a financial institution (bank) or other resources the interest paid on that amount is known as ‘cost of debt’.

  3. Types Of Accounts In Banks?

    Answer :

    Saving bank account [SB a/c]: The main purpose of SB a/c is to encourage small savings from the public. Interest paid on SB a/c is 3 percent. Any individual can open SB a/c. An Indian residing at abroad can open a NRI a/c. NRI represents non-resident Indians.

    Current account: It’s a running and active account. No interest is paid on current a/c.

    Current accounts can be opened on firm names. Even individuals can also open current a/cs. But on firm names you cannot open SB a/c.

    Fixed Deposit account: Amount is kept for a fixed period. Higher rate of interest will be paid on this a/c.

    Recurring deposit [RD a/c]: A fixed amount can be deposited in monthly installments.

    Interest rate is same as fixed deposits.

  4. What Is ‘prime Rate’?

    Answer :

    Basically, ‘prime rate’ is the rate of interest that is decided by nations (U.S.A) largest banks for their preferred customers, having a good credit score. Much ‘variable’ interest depends on the ‘prime rates’. For example, the ‘APR’ (Annual Percentage Rate) on a credit card is 10% plus prime rate, and if the prime rate is 3%, the current ‘APR’ on that credit card would be 13%.

  5. What Are Industrial Banks?

    Answer :

    The main purpose of industrial banks is to provide big loans to large scale industries.

    Examples: IDBI bank, Industrial bank of India etc.

  6. What’s The Treasury Stock Method?

    Answer :

    The treasury stock method is used to calculate the net increase in shares outstanding if in-the-money options and warrants were to be exercised.

  7. How Do You Boost Returns In An Lbo?

    Answer :

    The key levers are:

    a lower purchase price, a higher exit price (when the company is sold on), increased leverage. improving the way the company operations, or getting cheap financing.

  8. Why Should A Company Prefer Equity Finance To Debt Finance?

    Answer :

    Equity financing is less risky (you won’t have to pay it back). You’ll have more cash on hand. You won’t have to channel profits into loan repayment. Your equity investors will have a longer term view. Your company will have more credibility. And you might get to tap your investors’ network to help you develop the business.

  9. What Is Accretion And Dilution?

    Answer :

    Accretion is asset growth through addition or expansion. Accretion can occur through a company’s internal development or by way of mergers and acquisitions. Dilution is a reduction in earnings per share of stock that occurs when additional shares are issued or the stock changes into convertible securities.

  10. Define Capm?

    Answer :

    CAPM is the capital asset pricing model, and it is a model designed to find the expected return on an investment and therefore the appropriate discount rate for a company’s cash flows. It provides the required rate of return given the riskiness of the asset.

  11. Name A Few Poverty Eradication Schemes Of Govt. Of India?

    Answer :

    Food Security bill, MNREGA, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Antyodaya Yojana, JNNURM, Swavalamban Yojana, Nirmal Gram Yojana, Rajiv Awas Yojana, Indira Gandhi Pension plan etc.

  12. What Is Capital Adequacy Ratio? What Is Demat Account?

    Answer :

    CAR is the proportion of capital to the banks’ risk. DEMAT accounts are those in which shares, securities and insurance policies are kept in electronic form.

  13. What Is Inflation And Deflation?

    Answer :

    Inflation: is the increase in the price of goods and services due to more demand and less supply. In inflation, there is more liquidity in market which has to be controlled to reduce the purchasing power of customers.

    Deflation: is the decrease in prices of goods and services due to more supply and very less demand. In deflation, there is lack of liquidity in market which results in very weak purchasing power of people.

  14. What Is The Cad? What Is Fiscal Deficit?

    Answer :

    CAD or current account deficit is the difference between the imports and exports of a nation in one financial year whereas fiscal deficit is the difference between total revenue and expenditure of a nation.

  15. What Is The Difference Between Fii And Fdi?

    Answer :

    FDI or foreign direct investment is an investment that a parent company makes in a foreign country. FII or Foreign Institutional Investor is an investment made by an investor in the markets of a foreign nation. FII can enter the stock market easily and also withdraw from it easily. But FDI cannot enter and exit that easily as FDI only targets a specific sector.

  16. What Is Banking Ombudsman Scheme?

    Answer :

     The banking ombudsman scheme is a scheme to listen to customer’s grievances and complaints regarding certain services provided by the bank. It was introduced under the Section 35 A of banking regulation act, 1949 by RBI with effect from 1995 which was later amended and became the banking ombudsman scheme, 2006.

    Customer can appeal against the decision of ombudsman to deputy governor of RBI. He is the highest authority of appeal. All banks in India are covered under the scheme.

  17. Tell Us Something About Nabard And Its Functions?

    Answer :

    NABARD was established by an act of Parliament on 12 July 1976 as National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development. It is the apex bank to provide rural credit and monitor the RRBs.

    The main functions of NABARD are:-

    • Provide refinance to RRBs and other banks in rural areas for lending.
    • Acts as a subsidiary for RRBs and co-operative banks.

  18. What Is Brown Label Atm?

    Answer :

    It refers to the ATMs where investment, installation and maintenance is by a private operator but the license and branding is by a commercial bank.

  19. What Is White Label Atm?

    Answer :

    It refers to ATMs owned by corporate or private operators seeking to earn a commission by banks for transactions performed by their customers.

    For ex:- INDICASH by TATA group.

  20. What Is Term Repo?

    Answer :

    Under term repo, RBI lends to banks through auction of funds. The minimum interest charged has to be above the repo rate and there is no limit for maximum interest rate because auction is made on the rate of interest.

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