Aviation Safety Management - Aviation Management

Explain in detail about the Aviation Safety Management?

There are many risks and threats that an aviation industry comes across in their daily operations. Some of the issues may be putting the passengers to face the delays in the time, increasing the prices, life uncertainty etc. Sometimes there is a threat of losing the path but for which radars are always used by the pilots. A number of instruments have come up in order to assist the operations of the aviation management but in spite the aviation business is prone to many risks, threats and hazards.

What are the common Aviation Risks?

A threat may lead to some of the potential losses or damages caused to the property, assets or to the information. Placing of all the assets, vulnerabilities and threats together may cause huge risks.

Common Aviation Risks

The different kinds of risks that are associated with Aviation include the operational risks, strategic risks, financial risks etc. With respect to aircraft and airport, the following are the different types of risks -

  • Bad weather conditions that are being faced by the aircraft when flying.
  • The risk of fuel shortage when the aircraft is running
  • When any medical emergency appear to a person who is in the aircraft.
  • Failure of some of the mechanical, electronic or the electrical components.
  • Any mistake being done by the pilot.
  • Sometimes the flying aircraft has to face the problems with the bird-strike
  • When any unidentified person is being found at the airport or any inexperienced person is being found.
  • When any passengers or articles which are unscreened are allowed into the aircraft.
  • Repayment of loan

In order to cover up these loopholes of the system, and in order to take corrective and appropriate measures, risk is assessed. The causes of the incidents of the risks are identified and the likelihood of future risks are minimized by performing risk analysis.

Risk Assessment

What is Vulnerability in Aviation?

The gaps or the loopholes that are being identified in any of the security system are known as vulnerability. This vulnerability can be misused for breaching of any security system and thus can lead to destruction of the assets.

Common Aviation Vulnerabilities

The most common vulnerabilities that can occur in the aviation industry are as follows -

  • By providing access to the non-traveller or the non-staff to the airside area
  • Lack of proper screening for the passengers and the baggage.
  • Poor quality of maintenance to the aircraft and to the airport.
  • During the time of departures, the adjacent gates when get overcrowded.
  • Lack of secrecacy being maintained with respect to the information regarding the planning of the flights.

What are the most likely threats in Aviation?

The different sources of attacks are known as threats. Several incidents of aircrafts hijack can be observed. For instance, the 9/11 attack, this was planned by hijacking four airlines and which carried the suicidal attack and targeted the World Trade Center. Many sophisticated methods have been used for destroying and attacking by the terrorists.

Many incidents of hijacking can be found by the terrorists. These may often lead to asset losses. These incidents are the planned ones and intentional.

Common Aviation Threats

Some of the common aviation threats are as follows -

  • Identification of any unattended baggage.
  • Passengers carrying weapons without any declaration
  • Incidents of arguing with the security personnel
  • Carrying of the sharp objects by the passengers
  • An unknown call for destruction
  • Passengers with suspicious gestures and appearance

Explain about the safety and security system in Aviation?

It is the responsibility of the airport security and the staff to ensure safety with regard to airport and passengers. Some of the measures have been undertaken to maintain, manage and ensure the aircraft security. They are as follows -

  • All the aircraft and airport employees are well-trained and equipped with all the security and safety issues and also provide inputs about handling the crisis situations.
  • All the passengers are facilitated with the emergency exit systems.
  • Closely and continuously monitor the Closed Circuit TV cameras for the complete airport area.
  • For the safety of the airport and aircraft, a special well trained team with a trained police force is being employed.
  • Sniffed dogs are being used where ever the find any suspicious.
  • The fire safety measures have to be taken properly by the airports like setting up of the fire-fighting alarms and fire-extinguishing systems.
  • Normal public should be restricted from access to the sensitive airside areas.
  • All the passengers should be allowed to enter only through the departure entry. The passengers are allowed inside only after a thorough verification of the valid journey ticket as proof of identity.
  • For the general public who are not the passengers, they need to face a security check and are allowed to enter only after obtaining a gate pass.
  • X-ray machines are used for screening the baggage and the handbags.
  • Metal detectors are used for screening the passengers, before they board the flight. In any suspicious cases, the passengers can be further screened.
  • The cockpit area of the aircraft is restricted to the passengers.
  • Only plastic glasses and other food containers made of plastic are used instead of glass as there are chances of using glass as weapons.

Safety and Security

A detection system known as Fiber Optic Perimeter Intrusion Detection System is being used at the Dulles International Airport. This detection system facilitates to detect any intrusion on the airport perimeter and also makes it possible for the security staff to carry out the required procedures for security.

The weapons and chemical that are being carried by the passengers can be detected and identified by the recent developments that are being made by the X-Ray technology. This technology uses the gas chromatography which enables to detect the volatile compounds.

What are the different objects that are prohibited into Airport / Aircraft?

Some of the objects that are being prohibited from carrying into the aircraft are as follows -

  • Personal Stuff – Some of the personal objects like knives, ropes, manicure kits scissors etc.
  • Liquids – Some of the personal objects like water-bottles, flammable liquids, fuels, gas etc.
  • Explosives – Some of the explosive items like fireworks, gas cans, fire-extinguishers etc.
  • Food Items – Some of the food items such as vinegar, alcohol, salad dressings, jellies etc.
  • Tools – Some of the tools such as hammer, saw, drills, screw-drivers, wrenches, pliers, plastic wires etc.
  • Sports Equipment – Some of the sport equipment such as Hockey sticks, cricket bats, bows and arrows.

What is Contingency Planning?

In order to handle the future mishaps that may cause due to several risks and threats, contingency strategies have to be set up and which is being done by the Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP).

These contingency strategies are of two different types. They are -

  • Alternate airspace strategies
  • Alternate location strategies

Contingency Planning involves −

  • Identify the plan which is already into existence for managing the consequences of incidents.
  • All the Inventory units of the Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP).
  • All the events that lead to increase the chances of accidents and thus lead to asset losses are identified.
  • The contingency measures that are used for meeting the safety and security measures are developed or changed.
  • A Contingency Assessment plan is developed to ensure that the contingency requirements are being met.
  • A plan which enables to resume the normal operations is being developed.

Explain the issues concerned with Birds, Wildlife, and Snow Control?

With respect to the safety of the aircraft, one of the major unforeseen challenges is collision with birds. Collision with birds may result in damaging the aircrafts sometimes. This can be avoided by installing the Airport Bird Control System. This system enables to repel the birds that are being wandering away from the runways and airports.

In the absence of this system, Bird Aversion Liquid or any Gas can also be used. By spraying this gas, an invisible barrier is being created between the birds and the aircraft. This gas irritates the birds and makes them disturbed and thus they fly away from the airport, but it is not harmful to the life of the birds.

Another system that is being used is electronic bird repellent system. These system uses high amplifiers with multiple speakers which produce sound of about 125 DB, thus repel the birds up to 30 acres.

Birds Wildlife

Apart from birds, even the animals that lie on the runway can also create problems to the aircrafts. There are chances of flipping of the aircrafts while landing or take-offs. Even wild animals can also enter on the runway. Animals can be stopped entering on the runway by constructing or arranging for fencing around the airport.

Aviation Management Related Interview Questions

Aviation Management Related Practice Tests

All rights reserved © 2020 Wisdom IT Services India Pvt. Ltd DMCA.com Protection Status

Aviation Management Topics